Accidents and CatastrophesThe Autumn 2000 Floods in England (Catastrophe) A catastrophe is a sudden occurrence of an incident of large and sometimes unprecedented proportions which happens upon a scene and levels severe consequences, which quite often presents mass destruction of property, and possibly the loss of life. In the Autumn of 2000 the rains in England began, and the worst flooding occurred at three separate intervals; on October 10 – 15, then October 28 – November 12, and then December 8 – 14. The meterological society’s assessment of this time period was that, the rainfall over England during the autumn of 2000 represented the wettest one year period, since the recordation of rainfall in London and Wales was initiated in 1766.
The initial reason offered by the meteorologists was that the root cause, was climate change. This was the initial prognosis, and it was not based entirely on scientific evidence. Nonetheless, it was the conclusion of the experts that the accompanying disaster which was associated with the heavy rainfall, was exacerbated by human inducements. The allegations of human inducements were based on the following observations: In the area of Partridge Green the discovery of inadequate maintenance of drainage ditches.
These entities were overwrought with sediment, and contained large amounts of vegetation. This inhibited the flow of the massive rain fall and ultimately produced flooding in the area. . Bevendean is situated at the low end of a modeled catchment. Farmers in the area had previously been cautioned on the proper techniques for cultivating the fields in the hillside. The proper methods which were suggested to the farmers would serve as a conduit for runoff whenever there would be rain.
The recalcatrance of the farmers placed an additional capacity strain on the culverts, which precluded the sewer system from functioning properly, causing mud to enter people’s houses. In Lewis and Keighley the structural flood defences malfunctioned, causing water to flow into individual properties. In Lewes and Uckfield, it became obvious that inadequate planning in the types and placement of deficient properties. The cumulative rainfall in the autumn of 2000 was an exceptional event, however the subsequent flood was the cause of societal shortcomings.
It is important to note that much of the flood damage was the result of negligence which was exhibited by developers and local authorities, who either did not understand or did not care about the vulnerabilities. These individuals should be put on notice, that they would in the future be held responsible for flood consequences. Therefore, they must be reeducated about vulnerable areas and pay strict attention to zoning and code restrictions, which will inhibit flooding in the long-term. The flooding which occurred given its local breadth, resulted in a national disaster.
It mostly affected the transport routes, both road and rail, which were closed numerous times because of flooding and landslides. The rain which appeared at the end of October delivered a final bow to the intermittent service which the rail lines had been providing subsequent to the October 17 derailment, which claimed the lives of four persons. The derailment had already prompted significant adjustments, which placed additional