Accidents and CatastrophesThe nature of accidents and catastrophes is one that involves classifications and ideals that impact various areas. This not only reaches different communities and individuals, but also includes a change in various factors for living and comfort that are linked to the areas. This begins with the different families, community areas and spaces that are in the area. This continues with the way that the economy is affected with the catastrophes. Beyond this, are political changes and legislation that results from the catastrophes. This is used to completely understand the catastrophe that happens, as well as a definition in further prevention of the accidents that occur.
Understanding how these combine into changing the way different communities function, as well as lessons learned and implications on various levels also provides insight into systems that are linked directly to the different incidents. To understand the impact of threats and how they relate to those in a community, one first has to understand the different types of accidents and catastrophes that individuals may be subjected to. These make a difference in the pro-active actions that individuals may take, as well as responses and consequences that follow from the catastrophes.
By identifying different levels of the accidents, communities are more susceptible to not only responding correctly, but also can work towards different solutions for the problems at hand. There are several groups of classifications that are used when identifying a catastrophe. The first main type is known as natural disasters and the second are known as man made disasters. For instance, if a hurricane destroys a community, it is defined as a natural catastrophe.
If a terrorist blows up a building; however, than it is considered a man made disaster. These are divided into categories first because of the need to identify the type of threat, as well as the response that is needed from the community, government and organisations. For instance, if a terrorist threat occurs, police and special forces will be needed. If it is a natural disaster, on the other hand, than special organisations to help affected families is needed. These categories are further divided into defining the disaster, starting with the classification that includes the consequences of the event.
This is the outcome from any type of disaster. For instance, if the outcome of a terrorist attack is a certain number of deaths and injuries, as well as destruction of an area, than this will move it into a specific classification. The next is the duration of the event. For instance, if an earthquake only lasts for five seconds, it will be in a different classification than one that lasts for a longer time frame. These are further divided into zones that are destroyed by the accident that occurs.
The last part of this includes intervention measures that have to be taken as a result of the identified problem that occurs. If the intervention measures include evacuation, for instance, than this will be in a different classification than if it simply takes staying in a basement for two hours. This also includes what organisations and governments have to do to help individuals to recover (Provitolo, 2007).