Essays on The Global Production Network of Smartphone Coursework

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The paper "The Global Production Network of Smartphone" is a great example of management coursework. Globalization, which means the increased geographical scale of political, social, and economic interactions, led to the emergence of Global Production Networks (GPN) because of access to global markets by companies. GPN change the production and usage of knowledge with implications to economic change. GPN also leads to increased mobility of labour or knowledge diffusion, as we as the formation of the local capacities. Due to globalization, there is increased organizational innovation resulting in widening of GPN.

The networks also led to the spreading of the value chain within national boundaries and firms. The Smartphone is one of the products that are widespread in the global market because of globalization and implementation of GPN in organisations. This paper seeks to analyse the GPN of Smartphone and the parties that benefit from the structure of the GPN. The paper analyses this by identifying the various forms of labour that go into creating a Smartphone, and the work they carry out globally. It also discovers how the value is captured at each stage of production distributed along with the network.

This paper explores the institutional arrangements that explain the structure of this GPN. GPNs for Smartphone There are very many manufacturers and distributors of Smartphone globally. Because of globalization, which led to improved market innovation and the concept of the value chain, the Smartphone producers engaged into global production networks that allow them to be linked together in the market (Peter Dicken 2015, 24). GPN refers to the concept of application of interconnected operations, functions, and transactions in production, distribution, and consumption of a product or service (Cooke, 2013, 1081).

They are the links and nodes that go beyond the national boundaries integrating different parts of the sub-national and national territories. The GPN for Smartphone is a framework that combines all the insights of the actors in the Smartphone production system (Barrientos, Gereffi, & Rossi, 2011, 320). It connects their approaches towards the global value chain and capitalism, making there to be a relationship between the actors’ clustering dynamics and regional developments. In the production and sale of Smartphone, the firms engage various chains that change the inputs to outputs through some stages (Levy, 2008, 952). The various forms of labour that go into creating Smartphone include the labour involved in the production, then to distribution, and then to consumption activities.

In the GPNs, the quality of work is the major focus because different activities and processes associated with the production of a product are distributed among companies where different activities are conducted (Cooke, 2013, 1085). Smartphone companies are widespread across the globe and due to their connection and operation in GPNs, the approach has made the global production of Smartphone easier and manageable.

GPNs enhance the conduct of quality work from the production level where Smartphone companies have access to the raw materials from their sources (Newsome, et al. 2015, 32). For instance, very many extractive industries are found in Africa, and they offer the raw materials used in the production of a Smartphone. On the other hand, the assembling activities take place in the developing countries because there is all that is needed such as expertise and improved technology to enable the production of quality Smartphone.

References

Bair, J (ed.) 2009 Frontiers of Commodity Chains Research. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press.

Barrientos, S, Gereffi, G, & Rossi, A 2011 Economic and social upgrading in global production networks: A new paradigm for a changing world. International Labour Review, Vol. 150, No. 3‐4, pp. 319-340.

Cooke, P 2013 Global production networks and global innovation networks: Stability versus growth. European Planning Studies, Vol. 21, No. 7, pp. 1081-1094.

Dyer-Witheford, N 2015 Cyber-Proletariat: Global Labour in the Digital Vortex. London: Pluto. Chapter 6 ‘Mobile’.

Fuchs, C 2014 Digital Labour and Karl Marx. New York: Routledge. Part 2 ‘Analysing Digital Labour: Case Studies’, pp. 153-282.

Kraemer, K, Linden, G, & Dedrick, J 2011. Capturing value in Global Networks: Apple’s iPad and iPhone. University of California, Irvine, University of California, Berkeley, y Syracuse University, NY. http://pcic. merage. uci. edu/papers/2011/value_iPad_iPhone. pdf. Consultado el, 15.

Levy, DL 2008 ‘Political Contestation in Global Production Networks’, Academic of Management Review, Vol. 33, No. 4: pp. 943–963.

Newsome, K, Taylor, P, Bair J and Rainnie, A (eds.) 2015 Putting Labour in its Place: Labour Process Analysis and Global Value Chains. London: Palgrave.

Parrilli, M D, Nadvi, K, & Yeung, H W C 2013. Local and regional development in Global Value Chains, production networks and innovation networks: a comparative review and the challenges for future research. European Planning Studies, Vol. 21, No. 7, pp. 967-988.

Peter Dicken 2015 Global Shift: Mapping the Changing Contours of the World economy, 7th Edition. London: Sage

Rugman AM (Ed.) 2009 The Oxford Handbook of International Business, Oxford: Oxford University Press (2nd Edition).

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