The paper "The Global Production Network of Smartphone" is a great example of management coursework. Globalization, which means the increased geographical scale of political, social, and economic interactions, led to the emergence of Global Production Networks (GPN) because of access to global markets by companies. GPN change the production and usage of knowledge with implications to economic change. GPN also leads to increased mobility of labour or knowledge diffusion, as we as the formation of the local capacities. Due to globalization, there is increased organizational innovation resulting in widening of GPN.
The networks also led to the spreading of the value chain within national boundaries and firms. The Smartphone is one of the products that are widespread in the global market because of globalization and implementation of GPN in organisations. This paper seeks to analyse the GPN of Smartphone and the parties that benefit from the structure of the GPN. The paper analyses this by identifying the various forms of labour that go into creating a Smartphone, and the work they carry out globally. It also discovers how the value is captured at each stage of production distributed along with the network.
This paper explores the institutional arrangements that explain the structure of this GPN. GPNs for Smartphone There are very many manufacturers and distributors of Smartphone globally. Because of globalization, which led to improved market innovation and the concept of the value chain, the Smartphone producers engaged into global production networks that allow them to be linked together in the market (Peter Dicken 2015, 24). GPN refers to the concept of application of interconnected operations, functions, and transactions in production, distribution, and consumption of a product or service (Cooke, 2013, 1081).
They are the links and nodes that go beyond the national boundaries integrating different parts of the sub-national and national territories. The GPN for Smartphone is a framework that combines all the insights of the actors in the Smartphone production system (Barrientos, Gereffi, & Rossi, 2011, 320). It connects their approaches towards the global value chain and capitalism, making there to be a relationship between the actors’ clustering dynamics and regional developments. In the production and sale of Smartphone, the firms engage various chains that change the inputs to outputs through some stages (Levy, 2008, 952). The various forms of labour that go into creating Smartphone include the labour involved in the production, then to distribution, and then to consumption activities.
In the GPNs, the quality of work is the major focus because different activities and processes associated with the production of a product are distributed among companies where different activities are conducted (Cooke, 2013, 1085). Smartphone companies are widespread across the globe and due to their connection and operation in GPNs, the approach has made the global production of Smartphone easier and manageable.
GPNs enhance the conduct of quality work from the production level where Smartphone companies have access to the raw materials from their sources (Newsome, et al. 2015, 32). For instance, very many extractive industries are found in Africa, and they offer the raw materials used in the production of a Smartphone. On the other hand, the assembling activities take place in the developing countries because there is all that is needed such as expertise and improved technology to enable the production of quality Smartphone.
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