Abstract: Anaemia is a condition which usually occurs when the red blood cells are unable to carry oxygen to the organs and tissues of the body. Anaemia affects all groups of population. However the most vulnerable groups are women who are pregnant and young kids. It is mainly of two types; iron deficiency anaemia and vitamin B12 anaemia. In the mild form, anaemia is usually “silent”, without showing any symptoms. But in more severe forms, anaemia symptoms are fatigue ness, dizziness, drowsiness or weakness. There should be proper medication taken and treatment is there for the patients.
Introduction: First of all we should learn some basic facts about blood, as the deficiency of red blood cell in body cause anaemia. Plasma is the fluid which is present in blood; three types of cells are in plasma: White blood cells are the strong cells which protects our body from getting any sort of infection and are part of the body immune’s system. Red blood cells flow in our body through substance and they carry oxygen known as haemoglobin, and Platelets make the clots in the blood.
Bone marrow contains both red and white blood cells. There is whole process takes place everyday; million of new cells are produced to replace the old ones that break down. So the bone marrow should be taken care of to keep it healthy, eat nutrients like iron, and certain vitamins; this will keep the constant reproduction and supply of red blood cells in the body. Iron is the key nutrient which will keep the red blood cells to store and carry oxygen to every part of the body. So if there is a lack of oxygen in the body, the organs and tissues will not get sufficient oxygen in the body as they normally do.
Now let’s define anaemia, It is a condition which is caused if there are reduced numbers of red blood cells or haemoglobin concentration. Iron deficiency anaemia: There are numerous types of anaemia, and each one is caused by different reason. The most common type is iron deficiency anaemia. This is caused when your body is deficient of iron which is necessary to keep the red blood cells functioning properly. Haemoglobin’s key component is iron, which helps the red blood cells carry and store oxygen.
If there is not enough iron present then the red blood cells will carry less oxygen to the different organs and tissues of the body. Blood need to be monitored once in month after the patient is diagnosed with iron deficiency anaemia. It is done to check whether the body is responding to the treatment, and some condition rarely may cause serious implications. After your iron level is back to normal the anaemia has to be monitored at home.
Only few symptoms of the illness are obvious in people who have iron deficiency anaemia. The symptom’s severity depends on how quickly the anaemia develops. Most common symptoms are Exhaustion, Tiredness, Shortness of breath (dyspnoea), and Palpitations (irregular heart beat).