In general, the paper "Structural Issues to Be Considered by the Two Merging Organizations" is a great example of management coursework. A structure, according to Scott & Davis, (2007), can be defined as a framework which organizes a certain group of people and which enables them to function efficiently. According to Scott & Davis, (2007), the structure of an organization describes how leadership is arrived at, recruitment of staff, division of labour, the flow of information, research and development, the various departments and the kind of approach that is employed in decision making within the organization. An organization can be defined as a group of people who work interdependently in order to achieve a certain goal (Scott & Davis, 2007).
Organization structure, therefore, can be defined as the division of labour, the patterns of coordination, communication, workflow and the power that direct organizational activities (Scott & Davis, 2007). Scott & Davis, (2007) further states that, in other words, it is the organizational structure that determines the shape of the organization. The process of developing the organizational structure is referred to as the organizational design (Scott & Davis, 2007).
The elements of organizational structure include the various tasks assigned to individuals; joining individuals to form units, units to form departments, departments to form larger units in the hierarchy of management, and the approaches used in the management i. e. either the vertical approach is also known as top-bottom approach or the across or called the horizontal approach. The importance of having an organization structure is that it helps the members in solving conflicts as well as maintaining order, serves as an identity to the organization, determines coordination of affairs and sharing of tasks as well as determines how the future of the company will most likely be (Morrill, 1991).
According to Morrill, (1991), an organization should develop an organization structure at the start of its life i. e. when it is beginning. The elements of an organization structure include the body that governs that organization, the various rules that are going to govern its operations and a breakdown of tasks/ the division of responsibilities among the members. Structural Issues to Be Considered By the Two Merging Organizations A strong organizational structure in a company helps it to have improved communication and unity within the company (Waddel, Devine, Jones, George & Jennifer, 2007).
However, an organizational structure can create problems which can lead to decreased productivity/ low performance or conflicts (Waddel et al, 2007). According to Waddel et al (2007), identifying these problems and dealing with them immediately is therefore important to maintain a strong organization structure of the company. The new organization will, therefore, need to invest more time in identifying a possible source of conflicts and come up with a strong problem-solving mechanism in order to settle on a strong organizational structure. For example, having several departments may create problems within the organization.
The different groups in the various departments may always have conflicts due to the mentality of competition and forgetting the core mission of the company. Each department, therefore, feels that its work is more relevant than the others or they deserve more resources than the others which can cause breaks in communication and poor coordination leading to low productivity (Morrill, 1991).
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Bartol, K, Tein, M & Sharme M B, (2008), Management of pacific focus, Boston, Mc Graw Hill
Morrill, C, (1991), Conflict Management, honor and organizational change. American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 97:585-621.
Scott, W.R. and Davis, G.F. (2007). Organizations and Organizing: Rational, Natural, and Open System Perspectives. Pearson, Upper Saddle River: NJ.
Waddel, D, Devine, J, Jones, George, Jennifer, (2007), Contemporary management, Boston, Mc Graw Hill