The paper "Principles of Scientific Management Improve Organisational Performance" is a perfect example of management coursework. Scientific Management is a conceived set of techniques and organisational ideology for managing organisational-related problems such as management’ s arbitrariness, resource waste, greed, and so forth. Basically, scientific management involves a series of organisational arrangements, methods and tools for increasing efficiency. Clearly, the principles of scientific management are rooted deeply in people’ s knowledge concerning work organisation, which are very difficult to recognise and distinguish from contemporary managerial practices. The emphasis of scientific management is on the ‘ scientific’ analysis of tasks and jobs with the objective of establishing an effective way of accomplishing them.
Besides, scientific management lays emphasis on the training employees who perform these tasks and also promotes cooperation of employees and management as well as utilisation of special incentives with the goal of improving performance. Even though scientific management is hardly utilised nowadays as a whole system, it offered a basis for the sound practices that are still utilised in business organisations. This paper seeks to determine whether the organisations based on the principles of scientific management will always perform well than those applying other management theories. Discussion According to Deb (2009), businesses are nowadays focussing on effectively managing their employees so as to maintain or gain a competitive edge.
Therefore, much emphasis is placed on management as a means of improving profitability, efficiency, and effectiveness. Theoretically, this approach allows the organisation to maximise its profits by ensuring employees work harder and smarter. Advocates of scientific management argue that although different people are inclined to do things differently, the best way to perform a task is maximising output and minimising waste.
According to scientific management, the majority of workers are motivated by economic rewards such as money; therefore, productivity is only limited by the workers’ physical limitations. Therefore, the principles of scientific management as mentioned by Deb (2009) try to maximise the productivity of the workers by applying established performance standards, scientific planning and closely supervising the workers. Generally, the scientific management approach seems to focus only on the organisation’ s needs and ways of motivating workers so as to meet these needs without focussing on what the workers themselves want or need.
Still, Taylor deemed that the employers’ interests and those of the employees were alike: Employees desire for higher wages and employers need lower costs of labour. Many workers in fast-food services, construction and manufacturing industries do not have a degree in business, but they always come in contact with various classical and contemporary management theories (Bell & Martin, 2012). Therefore, managers are always expected to explain to the workers why things in the company are done in a certain way. Still, the majority of employees are not aware that their modern work routines are underlined by the principles of scientific management.
Thanks to these principles, scores of workers are trained in order to become machine-like in their jobs for enhanced profitability and efficiency. For instance, the employees’ efficiency in the most fast-food restaurant across Australia such as KFC and McDonald’ s is associated directly with corporate profits. Regrettably, contemporary managers are no longer equating the value of communicating to their workers’ the significance of motion and time, with respect to corporate profits (Bell & Martin, 2012). According to Freedman (1992), new technologies are transforming the business environment in terms of markets, business processes, and products.
Therefore, while the very essence of business is being reshaped progressively by technology and science, the management concept as a science has become less handy. The principles of scientific management have become less useful while science itself seems to be irrelevant to the managers’ practical concerns (Freedman, 1992). For this reason, contemporary management theories have evolved with the objective of solving the different problems associated with the principles of scientific management.