Community SafetyOverpopulated High-Rise Housing FiresIntroductionFires in overpopulated high-rise temporary housing spread more rapidly than a detached single-family unit. According to previous reports, the majority of fires in residential buildings originate from cooking appliances followed by smoker’s materials and electrical overloading. However, although these agents may be the immediate cause of fire, occupant’s carelessness or neglect allow them to happen. Cooking are being done near combustible materials, rubbish is allowed to accumulate, and electrical appliances are misused. Fire incidents and fire deaths continue to happen because the public is not aware of fire safety.
However, their ignorance is not entirely from their lack of concern but mostly due to the absence of effective fire prevention programmes. Ignorance and carelessness are the causes of most fires and much loss of life and therefore fire safety education is necessary. Our report will use the SARA methodology to analyse and determine the causes of fires, identify the proper response, and measure our responses. It will cover the hazard of overcrowding, cooking, tampering electrical supplies, fire regulations, fire safety education, and the importance of media in disseminating information on fire prevention. SARA MethodologyJohn Eck and William Spelman in 1987 introduced the SARA methodology to a huge audience of police officers looking for a way to have an impact on crime problems in their communities, and the SARA approach of Scan, Analyse, Respond, and Assess, has become one of the best-known acronyms in modern policing (Ratcliffe 2008, p. 30).
Similarly, ‘problem-oriented partnership’ is concerned with identifying public and community issues and realizing efficient ways of managing them. SARA and PAT or Problem Analysis Triangle is generally used in POP.
In Britain, in appreciation of the significance of partnership in crime prevention, the term problem-oriented partnership is often substituted for problem-oriented policing (Tilley 2005, p. 766). In our report, SARA will be use to scan, analyse, respond, and assess fire-related community safety issues particularly in overpopulated temporary high-rise housing. ScanningFire is a large high-rise is likely to propagate more rapidly and affect more households than a fire in an isolated, single-family unit (Pozdena 1988, p. 53). Majority of all fires in residential buildings originate from cooking accidents and this is very likely to take place in a congested temporary high-rise housing.
This is because occupants of an overpopulated housing building tend to use spaces not intended for cooking because of limited space in the kitchen and ignorance of fire safety. Ignition source have a significant impact on the nature of a particular fire. In dwelling fires, cooking appliances are the main source of ignition followed by accidental fires caused by smoker’s materials including matches (Communities and Local Government 2008, p. 106). Yearly, there are roughly 15,000 fatalities from fires in buildings, of which nearly 450 are serious.
The mainstream of both fatal and non-fatal casualties occurs in dwellings. In 2004, there are about 97,300 fires annually in inhabited buildings and about 59,700 fires happen in dwellings. In 2004 and 2005, study shows that the clear majority or 53% of dwelling fires were caused by accidents while cooking. An additional 11% were set off by electrical equipment or wiring. The most prevalent cause is attributed to the grill pan catching fire and the second most common cause was because of a pan of fat oil catching fire, while occupants putting highly combustible materials exceedingly near to the cooker made up 22% of the fires started by cooking accidents (Office of the Deputy Prime Minister 2006, p. 12).