The paper 'Difference in Leadership Policies and Choices between Russia and China" is a good example of a management case study. Russia and China are two economically powerful countries that underwent market transitions through various economic reforms almost at the same time. In the later periods of the twentieth century, many developing countries marked a serious period of transition from government-directed economies to market economies. The debt crisis that emerged in the early 1980s, for instance, was the major catalyst for the economic transition in the Latin America region for instance though the region already had some implemented market activities that set the stage for implementing market-oriented reforms (Christoper 2009, p. 2-5). Of the many countries that underwent through the transition, the Russian and Chinese reforms were the most dramatic of all.
This is because the two countries had the influence of the Communist revolution that took place widely through a good part of the first half of the 20th century. This revolution attempted to create some sort of socialist “ paradise for workers” between the two nations (Anmin, 2009, p. 2). Consequently, Russia and China transformed their economies from the initial centrally-planned economies to a market-directed economy that greatly changed the dimensions of state-owned enterprises and management in the two countries (Anmin, 2009, p. 4).
The commencement of reforms in China republic took place in the late 1970s while Russia took some time before initiating reforms in the early 1990s. However, the pace of the reforms and the surrounding circumstance in the two countries greatly differed. In Russia for instance, the economic reforms came in place immediately after the demise of communism while the Chinese market-oriented reforms took place in a gradual manner that went on through a long period while at the same time being moderated by the country’ s Communist government (Maxin, 2006, p. 12). Background to Question Research The most crucial research question in this paper is a comparative analysis of Russian and Chinese reforms in state-owned enterprises.
Various researches indicate that there are several sharp differences and a few points of similarity not only in the State-owned enterprise reforms but also the general economic systems and transitions of the two countries (Peter, 2008, p. 8). The most outspoken debate about the difference in the outcome of transition and reforms between the two countries revolves around the initial conditions and the sharp difference in leadership policies and choices between Russia and China (Christopher, 2005, p12).
Another difference emanated from Russians overlooking Chinese reform measures until much later when they realized that the Chinese reforms were effective and efficient. Nonetheless, the two countries shared some common backgrounds after being subjected to military defeats in the late 19th century and early 20th century. After the bloodied wars, Russia and China saw themselves shunning the global capitalist system and turn towards the communist system.
During this communist rule, the Russian and Chinese state-owned and centrally-planned economies depicted several features of similarities and went against the then established Western model of democratic capitalism (Christopher, 2005, p. 5). Later in the 1990s, Russia and China disagreed on various aspects of the model and seemed to take different dimensions with Russia embracing Western integration that valued market democracy as China followed a path that favored preservation of its authoritarian leadership style with very limited engagement and participation in foreign trade and investment (Andrew, 2003, p. 10).
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