Diversity and equality management in UK and AustraliaIntroductionThe increasing diversity in most organizations today can be attributed to several factors; first, there is a changing demographic structure in our countries due to modernization and technology advances. The demographic structure enables people from different parts of the world to come together in a specific location and live together. Secondly, the importance of globalization to countries’ firms to sustain their profits and long term survival. This entails the recruitment of persons from different parts of the world. Finally, changes within a society on how work is done contribute to diversity within the country.
This paper will therefore discuss the issue of equality and diversity management with reference to two countries- UK and Australia. It will examine broader aspects of the two issues especially with regard to the process of diversity management, legislative processes, labour union, gender participation and trends in both countries. It will also look into the challenges, threats and opportunities affecting the two countries when it comes to equality and diversity management. Diversity defined Diversity is the accepting, celebrating, valuing and understanding differences among people with respect to their gender, ethnicity, and race among other factors.
Diversity among groups of people means that, within an organization, there is difference of structure and culture which ultimately have a direct effect on the attitudes, feelings and perceptions of the individuals whenever they are within their working places. In the cultural context, issues like normative behaviour, languages or customs are considered as forms of diversity. It may also to some extent explain the style and conventions that people regard as their culture within the society.
On the other hand, structure promotes the power, class or statuses of people as they relate to one another in any place including the communities they come from or the organization they are working for. Public relations between different countries such as the United Kingdom and Australia and underdeveloped countries are far much varied because of issues such as; economic status, political will, policy creation and implementation, employee literacy standards, justice systems, type of industry and management standards (Chevrier, 2003)UK and AustraliaAustralia is democratic society that has been considered stable by many economists.
It has a qualified workforce that is strong and supports the country’s industrial and service sectors. It has an estimated population of 21,234,089 citizens. Politically, Australia is the only country to govern a whole continent and in fact, up to today, the country boasts of a strong political backbone that drives the systems of governance in that country. In terms of geography, the country is the six largest countries in the world with a very diverse population who are believed to have originated from more than 200 different countries around the world.
The society is multicultural in nature and this has led to increased cases of inequality with reference to resource distribution. In the contrary, the UK the population is about 61 million making it a very diverse country. It has a very developed economy, stable government and a more democratic society. It has also been able to draft polices that have been used to mange inequality and diversity. (Mor Barak, 2000)