Community SafetyOverpopulated Temporary High-Rise Housing of WorkersAssessing the problem with SARA MethodologyScanning the problemThe common problem with overpopulated high-rise temporary housing is the lack of fire safety awareness among workers. Cooking their food in places near highly combustible materials. Tampering electrical supplies and overload appliances. Employer’s disregard of building regulations and ineffective enforcement of laws by concern authorities. Fires injure not only workers but also fire fighters and other responding personnel. Analysis of the problemIgnorance of fire safety and lack of effective fire safety campaigns. Overcrowding resulting to overheating appliances. Insufficient space resulting to cooking outside kitchen or designate areas.
Tampering of electrical and gas supply due to insufficient utility outlet. ResponseFire detection devices and continuous fire safety education. The use of media to widely and effectively spread fire safety messages. AssessmentEffective fire safety education reduced fire incidents and casualties in the UK. Fire safety education focusing on fire detection devices effectively encourages the public to take fire safety seriously. Partnership with various agencies particularly the media positively result to effective dissemination of fire safety messages. Introduction“Fire is often unwanted, unexpected, disastrous and costly, both in terms of human life and business costs” (Perry 2003, p. 1).
Fire kills more people than all natural disaster combine and it is the third leading cause of accidental death in the home. Many fires are caused by a brief moment of carelessness and preventable thus it is important to be aware of potential fire hazards in the home. Fires in buildings develop differently to fires in the outdoors and the speed at which they spread takes most people completely by surprise. Fires in an overpopulated high-rise temporary housing can be very dangerous and can injure migrant workers, the fire and rescue personnel, and other responders.
Moreover, the building may sustain structural damage and employer may lose workers affecting production. The focus of this paper is to investigate fire incidents occurring in overpopulated high-rise temporary housing using the SARA methodology. SARA Methodology and Community SafetyIn the United Kingdom, the need for a strategic framework to nationalize and institutionalize crime prevention, the focus had moved from ‘crime prevention’ to ‘community safety’. The notion of ‘public safety’ and ‘community safety’ had acquired a powerful resonance because it was deemed more expansive and inclusive framework than ‘crime prevention’, which focused primarily on target-hardening techniques.
The concept of community safety embraced consideration of the social aspects of crime, the fear of crime and victim support. Equally important, it facilitated recognition that in many localities there was concern and anger about high levels of non-criminal forms of public disorder and antisocial behaviour. Community safety affirmed that local authorities should act as the strategic body to coordinate all the statutory agencies and ensure that they worked in partnership to stimulate the development of those features of neighbourhood life, which were deemed by residents to be significant inhibiting crime, fear and insecurity, and in building confidence (Hughes et.
al. 2002, p. 92). Community safety is about protecting people’s right to live in confidence and without fear for their own safety, which covers not only crime but also road and fire safety the provision of play areas and the prevention minor anti-social behaviour (Mooney and Scott 2005, p. 191). The SARA methodology (scanning, analysis, response, and assessment) is ideal for problem solving particularly on performance improvement (Walker 2005, p. 121).
Scanning identifies recurring problems of concerns to the public and the authorities. It prioritizes problems, develop broad goals, and confirm the problem. On the other hand, analysis in SARA is identifying and understanding the events and conditions that precede and accompany the problem. It also identifies the consequences of the problem for the community and determines how frequently the problem occurs and how long it has been occurring. It identify the conditions that give rise to the problem and narrow the scope of the problem as specifically as possible.
Similarly, response in SARA is about search for what others with similar problems have done. Brainstorm intervention and choose among the alternative solutions. It outlines the response plan, identifies responsible parties, and states the specific goals for the response plan. Assessment in SARA is determining whether the plan was implemented and whether the goals were attained, and collect qualitative and quantitative data on the outcomes. It identifies any new strategies needed to augment the original plan and conduct ongoing assessment to ensure continued effectiveness (Stevens 2008, p. 81).