Essays on Improving Productivity on Projects Assignment

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The paper 'Improving Productivity on Projects' is a wonderful example of a Business Assignment. Productivity is defined as the measure of the effectiveness of production (Saari, 2006). It is the ratio of that which is produced to the inputs necessitated to produce it. Research has indicated that productivity is one of the major factors that measure the general performance of all organizations (Saari, 2006). At the micro-level, high productivity reduces unit costs and acts as a gauge of project performance. At the macro-level on the other hand, improved productivity is an essential instrument in determining wage policies and countering the impacts of inflation.

In addition, to capital, improved productivity is also a requirement for starting a business or generating more wealth in many countries, especially the developing countries. This means that enhanced productivity and capital improvements go hand in hand. Improved productivity has been linked to improved quality, reduced total cost and production duration, and increased employment amongst others (Hegab, 2009). Considering the factors that influence productivity on a project, this report will discuss the main standpoints and arguments relevant to productivity improvement and how the productivity of one particular element of a product can be improved.

In particular, the paper will include a literature review on productivity improvement, analysis of pertinent issues a discussion on the impacts of the issues for businesses, and a general conclusion. Literature review In all projects, higher productivity implies seeing the final outcomes sooner, which as a result leads to satisfaction. According to Gonzalez (1991), job dissatisfaction is one of the factors which boosts costs, generates time delays, and typically, decreases productivity on most kinds of projects.

Studies have shown that project managers have the responsibility of influencing project productivity. One way in which they can accomplish their duty is by determining the flow of work and how much work can be performed (Chan and Kaka, 2007). Furthermore, influencing employee attitude is another way. This is a key element in employee motivation and it determines the amount of work to be carried out at a particular time. According to Basson et al. , (2003) there is an association between the level of employee motivation and performance. This relationship is defined as the current immediate sway on the direction, vigor, and determination of action (Gonzalez, 1991).

In fact, employee motivation is deemed as the main factor which influences the success or failure of a project. A well-motivated employee will perform toward attaining the goals and objectives of the project. The relationship between the workforce and the employer should be that of understanding so that the worker can be able to identify him/herself with the organization and in particular the project being undertaken. Studies have revealed that lack of employee motivation which results in low morale impacts productivity negatively (Dainty et al. , 2002).

Low morale is also linked to increased staff turnover, a high number of grievances, increased incidence of lateness and absenteeism, and increased wastage of inputs (Hegab, 2009). In general, a well-motivated worker is a loyal worker, and being loyal means that the worker supports the goals, objectives, and activities of the project. Project productivity can only be enhanced if it is willing to perform and quality performance can only be achieved if the employees are well motivated.

References

Anbari, F and Young, 2004. Success Factors in Managing Six Sigma Projects, Project Management Institute Research Conference. London, UK.

Basson, G., Garruthers, M., Kruger, D., du Plessis, Y., Visser, K., Steyn, H., Prozesky-Kuschke, B., Van Eck, S., 2003. Project Management – A Multi-Disciplinary Approach. London: SAGE Publishers.

Chan, W., Kaka, A., 2007. Productivity improvements: understand the workforce perceptions of productivity first, vol.36 no.4, pp. 564 – 584.

Dainty, A., Lingard, H., and Loosemore, H. 2002. Human Resource Management in Construction Projects -Strategic and Operational approaches. London: Spoon Press.

Gonzalez, E. 1991. Construction Worker Motivation: The Means to Improving Worker Productivity. Pagination 107.

Hegab, M., 2009. Productivity of Microtunneling Projects. London: VDM Verlag.

Hudson, A. Grouputer Pty Limited, 10 Enablers to Improve Project Productivity. http://www.grouputer.com/papers/10_enablers_to_improve_project_productivity.pdf [Accessed November 10, 2011]

Richman, L., 2006. Improving your project management skills. AMACOM Div American Management Association.

Saari, S. 2006. Productivity. Theory and Measurement in Business. Productivity Handbook. MIDO OY.

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