The paper "France’ s Key Industrial Relations Elements in Processes" is a perfect example of a business case study. This paper is a report, describing and analyzing a country’ s; in this case France’ s key industrial relations elements in processes. Three main processes will be addressed in this report, namely, Collective bargaining, Dispute Resolution and Human Resource Management. The first key element is collective bargaining. The International Labour Organization Convention No. 98 (1949) relating to the Right to Organize and to Bargain Collectively, defines collective bargaining as the “ Voluntary negotiation between employers or employers' organizations and workers' organizations, with a view to the regulation of conditions and terms of employment by collective agreements” (De Silve, 1998, p.
17). Collective bargaining can occur both nationally or at the level of industry or enterprise. Responsibilities of collective bargaining Employees and trade unions are responsible for collective bargaining. It is said to be a plain descriptive statement, however, it is a planned and stratified system held together by both verbal and written agreements between the unions and the management or between the unions themselves (Jenkins & Sherman, 1977).
It is termed as collective as both the employer and employee act as a group rather than as individuals. Collective bargaining involves form and workers’ representatives in order to lay down mutually agreeable terms and conditions of employment. It is a continuous process, which endeavors to establish stable relationships between parties involved. Apart from involving the bargaining agreement it also involves the implementation of the agreement. Collective bargaining aims to achieve discipline in the industry and is said to be a flexible approach because the parties involved in such an agreement assume a flexible attitude towards negotiations (Industrial Relations, 2007). Role of Matignon Agreement by the Popular Front government Matignon Agreement passed by the Popular Front government in 1936 led collective bargaining to attain legal status in France.