The paper “ Cross Docking in Distribution Operations” is a fascinating variant of coursework on the business. Cross Docking is a logistics practice that concerns unloading and loading materials into outbound trucks, rail cars, and trailers. The process is conducted to alter the conveyance or sort the material for different destinations while combining material from other different origins into containers or transport vehicles with similar or same destinations. Cross-docking has been in operation since the 1930s and is used continuously in the LTL (less-than-truckload) operations. In the LTL trucking business, cross-docking is carried out through moving of cargo from one vehicle or container to another.
The goods transported engage in the minimal warehousing process. However, in retailing, cross-docking operations occur through utilizing staging areas where inbound material is consolidated, sorted and stored until the outbound shipment is ready for shipping. One of the recognized companies identified for employing cross-docking operations is Wal-Mart. Purpose of Cross Docking in Distribution OperationsCross-docking promotes flow-through in the supply-chain pipeline while reducing inventory buffers' reliance and expediting the orders of the customers. The purpose of cross-docking in distribution operations is that it increases the delivery of products just-in-time (JIT).
In the distribution processes, it occurs as a warehousing practice that closely coordinates and continuously upturns the flow of information from the distributors, manufacturers, and customers. Cross-docking in distribution operations also has the responsibility for ensuring that products keep moving while effectively reducing the distribution costs (Gü mü ş & Bookbinder, 2004). In cross-docking operations, the distributors synchronize outbound and inbound shipping activities to support the direct flow of products from the receiving areas to the shipping areas of the distribution center.
Thus, the purpose of cross-docking throughout the distribution operations is eliminating the necessity of picking products, storing and engaging in thorough product inspection among other warehousing activities (Gü mü ş & Bookbinder, 2004). Thus, it reduces the need for using the warehouses while ensuring the effectiveness of the distribution process from the receiving to the shipping area. The hub and spoke practice is also employed to assist in combining similar products that ought to be distributed to several ends while engaging in a fast and productive process (Business Logistics, 2007).
The consolidation arrangements process also helps in conjoining the numerous small product loads in a single conveyance method that supports saving transportation expenses. The deconsolidation arrangements method contains breaking down large foods into small loads for passages that support in creating easier delivery processes to the customer. (Whitepaper Series, 2011)Throughout the distribution operations, cross-docking offers significant inventory savings as there are no costs experienced in storage (Lee, Jung, & Lee, 2006). The role of cross-docking is advancing the distribution chain of some products while defining the products that need to be swiftly transported.
The process of cross-docking is suitable for products such as pre-picked, and pre-packaged orders from the customers from other distribution hubs of suppliers. Cross-docking is also suitable for staple retail with other constant or low demand inconsistency and promotional items. Others are perishable products, high-quality items that do not need quality inspections and other pre-tagged products that are readied for the sale to customers (Yu & Egbelu, 2008). It involves minimal handling and leads to less damage to products, thus, reducing the complaints from customers. The minimal handling increases efficiency and cross-docking, it allows the products to go through the least number of locations before arriving at the final target.