Essays on Changing Leadership Styles Literature review

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The paper “ Changing Leadership Styles” is an intriguing example of the literature review on management. Among other factors that have turned out to be major subjects of debate on reasons for major organizational failures is leadership. Leadership is all about using innovative skills in arriving at meaningful solutions to problems affecting the organization. A number of scholars have highlighted leadership to be a crucial factor in any organization. For example, Darling & Beebe (2007, P. 152) have highlighted principal factors that determine the success of any business individual and they include; leadership ability and good communication skills.

With globalization redefining the contemporary entrepreneurship environment, leaders need to adapt to change. Unlike in the past, organizations are globalizing their operations and in the same dimension, as Ronald (2010) argues leadership is perceived differently from how it was done a generation ago. This has been evident especially for the last two decades. Organizations focus on leaders who are adaptable to different business environments. The way leadership styles have changed within the context of a globalized environment will be the subject of this essay.

In addition to this, it will also profile various leadership and communication styles that have been exhibited by successful leaders. Arguments will be supported by various scholarly works together with reference to a global leader I admire; Ratan Tata. Ratan Tata is the current chairman of the Indian company Tata group. His exemplary performance in leading the Tata group has enabled the company to be at the top level in Southeast Asia. His characteristic leadership style and secrecy enabled him to transform a Rs 13,000 national institution to Rs 129, 994 global organization that saw him voted best brand icon (Ahlawat, 2012).

Much interesting is his leadership style is sincerity and total devolution as a supplement of innovativeness. His innovation was quite evident when the company launched the Nano; the world's cheapest automobile. Up to date, he is still respected for this innovative idea, and for this reason, he remains my admirable leader.

References

Ahlawat, A. (2012). Ratan Tata- My Role Model: Global Leadership, the Ratan Tata way. Retrieved 25th September 2013

Bhattacharyya, S. (2006). Entrepreneurship and Innovation: How Leadership Style makes the Difference? Vikalpa, 31(1): 107-115.

Cappelli, P., Singh, H., Singh, J. V. & Useem, M. (2010). Leadership Lessons from India. Harvard Business Review. Harvard: Harvard Business School Publishing Inc.

Dubrin, A. J. (2008). Essentials of management. (Ed 8).New York: Cengage Learning

Hall, J., Johnson, S., Wysocki, A. & Kepner, K. (2012). Transformational Leadership: The transformational of managers and Associates. Florida: University of Florida.

Halpin, A. W., & Winer, B. J. (1957). A factorial study of the leader behavior description. In R. M. Stogdill and A. E. Coons (Eds.), Leader behavior: Its description and measurement. Columbus, OH: Bureau of Business Research, Ohio State University.

Hamilton, S. M. (2008). Globalization. Edina, Minnesota: ABDO.

Hemphill, J. K. & Coons, A. E. (1957). Development of the Leader Behavior Description Questionnaire. In R. M. Stogdill and A. E. Coons (Eds.), Leader behavior: Its description and measurement. Columbus, OH: Bureau of Business Research, Ohio State University.

Hood, J. D. (2007). Transformational and Transactional Leadership Styles: An Exploratory Investigation of Traditional and Nontraditional Student Perceptions. New York: ProQuest.

Horner, M. (1997). Leadership Theory: Past, Present and Future. Team Performance Management Journal, 3(4): 270-287.

IBM. (2010). Capitalizing on Complexity: Insights from the Global Chief Executive Officer Study. Retrieved 29th September 2013.

Kuhnert, K. W. & Lewis, P. (1987). Transactional and Transformational Leadership: A Constructive/Developmental Analysis. Academy of Management Review, 12(4): 648-657.

Manz, C. C., & Sims, H. P., Jr. (1991). SuperLeadership: Beyond the myth of heroic leadership. Organizational Dynamics, 19: 18-35.

Martin, A. (2007). The Changing Nature of Leadership. A CCL Research White Paper. Center for Creative Leadership.

Mind Resources Institute of Learning & Innovation. (2010). The Evolution of leadership. Mind Resources Institute of Learning & Innovation Journal, 2(2): 8-9.

Northouse, P. G. (2001). Leadership Theory and Practice, (ed 2). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.

Petrie, N. (2011). Future Trends in Leadership Development. A CCL Research White Paper. Center for Creative Leadership.

Ronald, E. R. (2010). Leadership 101: How Leadership has Changed in the Last Generation. Cutting Edge Leadership. Retrieved 20th September 2013.

Taleghani, G., Salmani, D. & Taatian, A. (2010). Survey of leadership styles in different cultures. Iranian Journal of Management Studies (IJMS), 3(3): 91- 11.

Vembu, V. (2011 Nov 24). The Radical Chieftain: How Ratan Tata Broke the Tata Mould. Firstpost.

Viviane, S. (2009). Contingency Theories of Leadership, Encyclopedia of Group Processes & Intergroup Relations. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

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