The paper 'Employee Engagement' is a wonderful example of a Management Case Study. In life, people are faced with many pressures from unexpected events or expected ones. However, how they perceive and react to these events determines the magnitude of the physiological response. The feeling of inability to cope with the burden amounts to stress (stress. org 2016). There are hormones that are released in response to stressors that help flee or fight. Day to day circumstances such as traffic, divorce, terrorism, or even change of workplace, aging parents, or even positive events like wedding or promotion at the place of work. Lately, there is a prodigious alarm in society today as far as stress is concerned.
All this is likely to be carried home and in the end, affects the individual both physically and emotionally. Therefore, due to the adverse effects of stress both on an individual and the quality of work delivered, people have to learn how to manage it (David, 2016). In addition, organizations and companies ought to lay strategies for addressing how to cope with stressors and mitigate stressors since they are health hazards. Work-related stress can have adverse effects on the performance of an individual.
A lot of pressure to complete tasks and work conflicts can affect the morale of the individual. Contemporary employee engagement is key to strategic human resource management. It rests on to believe that employees are the backbone of the success of the business since they deal with clients and customers directly (Ccohs. ca, 2016). Therefore, since stress concerns employees, they ought to be engaged in risk assessment and finding out the mitigation measures. Factors causing stress at work These are mainly explained under two classifications.
Content work factors like complex issues, long working hours, work overload, interpersonal relationships, role characteristics, working conditions, and demands (Michie 2010, p. 69). Stressors without the workplace comprise of societal issues and expectations, an influx in the economy, personal relationships, family issues, and health issues. All these pauses a big challenge on the individuals and those around them. It is essential that they learn to strike a balance between personal issues and work-related issues. Types of stress In case an individual wears out due to stressors, the organization he or she works for will suffer big time.
Occupational Safety and Health conducts audits in companies, firms, and organizations to determine any health hazards and workplace which could cause stress to the workers (Supati et al. 2015, p. 1483). For example, the working area space, working hours, and nature of work. Even though stress is a health hazard that cannot be avoided in Toto, the severity is a key concern which is a determinant of the categorization. Mild stress is mostly found among individuals who have a great zeal for excellence.
They strive hard and do not want to fail. They get anxious over an approaching promotion and work or the fear of failing to meet the deadline. It is quite harmful to an individual’ s health. Acute stress is much worse than mild stress or rather its advanced level (Widanarke et al. 2012, p. 5734). It not only affects an individual’ s health but also their productivity at work. More often than not, it is fueled by workload or too much pressure to excel. The third type of stress is the topmost aspect which can cause an employee to totally burnout.
Chronic stress advances due to failure to mitigate the stressors at the previous stages. This is characterized by indulgence in too much drinking, lack of self-worth and care, and probably overeating or failure to eat at all.
Awang Idris, M., Dollard, M.F. and Winefield, A.H., 2010. Lay theory explanations of occupational stress: The Malaysian context. Cross Cultural Management: An International Journal, 17(2), pp.135-153.
Brajer-Marczak, R. (2014). Employee engagement in continuous improvement of processes. Management, 18(2).
Ccohs.ca, (2016). Workplace Stress - General : OSH Answers. [online] Available at: http://www.ccohs.ca/oshanswers/psychosocial/stress.html [Accessed 08 April. 2016].
, David. "ARTICLES & REPORTS." Employee Stress and Performance. Web.08 April. 2016. http://www.humannatureatwork.com/Workplace-Stress-2.htm.
Employer engagement: the critical role of employee commitment. (2009). Human Resource Management International Digest, 17(5).
Hänsel, A. and von Känel, R. (2012). Unconscious Fearful Priming Followed by a Psychosocial Stress Test Results in Higher Cortisol Levels. Stress Health, p.n/a-n/a.
Kortum, E., Leka, S. and Cox, T., 2011. Perceptions of psychosocial hazards, work-related stress and workplace priority risks in developing countries. Journal of occupational health, 53(2), pp.144-155.
Leung, M.Y., Olomolaiye, P., Chong, A. and Lam, C.C., 2005. Impacts of stress on estimation performance in Hong Kong. Construction Management and Economics, 23(9), pp.891-903.
Michie, S., 2010. Causes and management of stress at work. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 59(1), pp.67-72.
Sinclair, D., Purves-Tyson, T.D., Allen, K.M. and Weickert, C.S., 2014. Impacts of stress and sex hormones on dopamine neurotransmission in the adolescent brain. Psychopharmacology, 231(8), pp.1581-1599.
Sheriff, M.J., Krebs, C.J. and Boonstra, R., 2011. From process to pattern: how fluctuating predation risk impacts the stress axis of snowshoe hares during the 10-year cycle. Oecologia, 166(3), pp.593-605.
Stranks, J.W., 2009. Stress at work: Management and prevention. Elsevier.
Stress.org, (2016). Hans Selye: Birth of Stress- what is stress? | The American Institute of Stress. [online] Available at: http://www.stress.org/about/hans-selye-birth-of-stress/ [Accessed 08 April. 2016].
Supanti, D., Butcher, K. and Fredline, L. (2015). Enhancing the employer-employee relationship through corporate social responsibility (CSR) engagement. Int J Contemp Hospitality Mngt, 27(7), pp.1479-1498.
Takala, J. and Hämäläinen, P., 2009. Globalization of risks. African Newsletter on Occupational Health and Safety, 19(3), pp.70-73.
Widanarko, B., Legg, S., Devereux, J. and Stevenson, M., 2012. Raising awareness of psychosocial factors in the occurrence of low back symptoms in developing countries. Work, 41(Supplement 1), pp.5734-5736.
Widanarko, B., Legg, S., Devereux, J. and Stevenson, M., 2015. Interaction between physical and psychosocial risk factors on the presence of neck/shoulder symptoms and its consequences. Ergonomics, 58(9), pp.1507-1518.