The paper “ Employment Relationship - the EU Social Partners, Term- Collective Bargaining, and Term-Employee Involvement” is a meaningful variant of the assignment on human resources. In the context of employee relations explain what is meant by the employment relationship, and outline how it has changed over the years. Please give reasons why this might have been. The employment relationship is a term that refers to the legal notion used by various nations in explaining the relationship between employers and employees. This relationship exists when the employees work under given conditions and in return for remuneration.
According to ILO (2006), it is through the employment relationship that various rights and obligations are created between the employer and the employees. ILO (2006) regards it as a key point of reference for the determination of the nature and extent of the rights and obligations associated with employment in areas of social security and labor law. Changes in the World Bank and particularly in the labor market have led to the rise of new forms of an employee relationship. Deery (1999) adds that the government interventions in legal and institutional frameworks for the labor relation have eroded the application of collective norms to the employment relationship and the regulatory role of the individual tribunals.
The individualization of employment relations occurred due to various factors. Deery (1999) notes that during the 1980s and 1990s there was a rapid development of individualization due to the vigorous challenges that the successive conservative governments had on the legitimacy of the trade unions. Countries such as Britain removed most of the statutory and administrating supports for collective bargaining (Herriot 2002).
Similarly, in New Zealand, there was a dramatic shift away from the collectivist industrial relations as imposed by the New Zealand Employment Contracts Act 1991 which removed the long-standing system of arbitration and conciliation based on trade union representation and replaced it with a framework that emphasized on individual employment contracts (ILO 2006).
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