IntroductionThe Environment Management System has been formulated to control pollution and sustain conducive environment helping in improving the environment. According to the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), Environment Management System is “part of the overall practices, procedures, processes and resources for developing, implementing, achieving, reviewing and maintaining the environmental policy. ” (Olson 1999: 170). Its main concern has been the proper implementation of the environment management practices forming the framework according to which environment agencies can carry out policies and procedures conducive for their effective management and reduction of the pollution. At Abu Dhabi, environment agency through its various activities and projects aims to provide sustainable environment ensuring healthy and safe life and helps to protect and conserve natural resources.
This agency takes forward their environment management plan by establishing proper mechanism to help reduce pollution and reduce the negative impacts occurring on account of the development activities in the Emirates. The base of the Environment Management plan lies on the system Plan Do Check and Act method, whereby planning means identification of the goals of the environment and its various aspects; Do means implementing the plan including monitoring and preparing action plan; Check means monitoring the effective implementation of the plans; and Acting means reviewing including making the progress review and forming the action plans to impart necessary changes for the Environment Management System which can result in the benefit of both the business and environment. .
(Rashed, Hasaneen, Edward & Dwagi 2008: 383) Pollution in Abu Dhabi The main environment concern of the Abu Dhabi city is the air pollution on account of the increase in the emissions of the “sulphur dioxide (SO2), carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), ground-level ozone (O3), particular matter (PM10) and lead (Pb). ” (Environmental Agency 2009: Online).
The important source of air pollution in Abu Dhabi is the oil and gas industry followed by the power and transportation sectors. Companies like Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (ADNOC) and its group of companies are the immersing maximum pollutants i. e. gases from exploration and production, refining, gas processing, and petrochemicals industry. Oil and gas industry is the most prominent source of pollutants, major being power plants, line sources like major roads, diffuse areas like petrol stations, chemical storage areas and small scale industries.
Besides these are oil refineries, oil gathering centers, oil platforms, petrochemical and fertilizer plants and power and desalination plants. Majority of the gas emissions in UAE are CO2, methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), and fluorine compounds. In fact even the burning of fossil fuels are also major source of pollutants and main cause of emissions from greenhouse. Currently nation has largest amount of CO2 emissions in the world. (Abu Dhabi National Oil Company 2007: Online)General Directorate of Civil DefenceTo this effect, The General Directorate of Civil Defence (GDCD) was established to meet emerging needs of the growing urbanization and industrial development taking place all over the nation.
It is mandatory on part of The General Directorate of Civil Defense to follow the legislation, which could become the legal basis of the GDCD,