Essays on Problems Associated with Perception Coursework

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The paper "Problems Associated with Perception" is a good example of business coursework.   Perception is defined as the organization, identification as well as interpretation of the sensory information with the aim of representing and understanding the environment. In simpler terms, the perceptual process can be viewed as a sequence of psychological steps that are used by individuals to organize and at the same time interpret information that is derived from the outside world (Goldstein 2009, p. 10). Person perception is based on how one interprets the different sensations, which are as a result of the sensory impressions that we get from the stimuli in the world that is around us.

This paper sets out to discuss the process as well as the problems associated with perception. The essay shall further evaluate the manner in which the different perceptual distortions can eventually lead to discrimination. Discussion Perception process Perception occurs in five major stages, which include the stimulation, organization, interpretation or evaluation, memory as well as recall. Stimulation Stimulation is the first stage and it mainly involves contact with a certain stimulus. The world we live in has a great number of stimuli that can attract ones attention through the wide range of senses that a person has.

In this respect, one is able to systematically describe the sound, sights, taste and smell that tend to populate a person conscious experience. Stimulation comprises of selective attention as well as selective exposure. Selective attention takes place by looking forward to fulfill needs and prove of enjoying the experience (Galinsky and Moskowitz 2000, p. 719). Selective exposure, on the other hand, occurs when certain information is exposed which confirm already existing beliefs and they also contribute to the objectives and eventually have a state of satisfaction.

Since individuals cannot percept everything that happens around them in a simultaneous manner, they tend to engage more in selective perception and thus they perceive the positive things more often as compared to the negative ones (Mullins 2016, p. 20). Organization The ability of a person to identify and recognize events and objects is of great importance to the normal perception. Without such capacity, one cannot effectively make use of their senses. Perception is organized through schemata, rules as well as scripts.

In regard to the rules, people usually perceive those objects and things that are physically close to one another to constitute a unit. Individuals also develop schemata from the actual experiences and from the various experience they have on a daily basis from the activities they engage in (Wilson 2010, p. 13 and Huczynski and Buchanan 2013, p. 19). Thus, when some form of familiarity is represented in an individual’ s mind will be a form of schema and this will play an essential role in assisting to categorize aspects in a number of categories.

Nevertheless, at times it may lead to some perception errors since it may influence an individual’ s to perceive things that are not existent and at times miss things that are present. A script, on the other hand, is termed as being a form of schema that focuses more on the event, action or procedures. Thus, it is more of a process of how individuals behaved, and how they organized it.

References

Abrams, D 2010, Processes of prejudice: theory, evidence and intervention, Equality and Human Rights Commission Research Report 56, EHRC, Manchester.

Akthar-Sheikh, N 2016, Muslim women face triple discrimination at work – and taking off a hijab won’t work. The New statesman, viewed 19 March 2017, 2016. http://www.newstatesman.com/politics/staggers/2016/08/muslim-women-face-triple-discrimination-work-and-taking-hijab-wont-help

Bergeron, D, Block, C.J. and Echtenkamp, A 2006, ‘Disabling the able: stereotype threat and women’s work performance’, Human Performance, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 133-58.

Galinsky, A and Moskowitz, G 2000, ‘Perspective taking: decreasing stereotype expression, stereotype accessibility and in-group favoritisms’, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, vol. 78, no. 4, pp. 708-724.

Goldstein, E 2009, Sensation and perception, Cengage Learning, Boston.

Huczynski, A & Buchanan, D 2013, Organizational Behavior, Prentice Hall, Harlow.

Mullins, L 2016, Management and Organizational Behavior, Prentice Hall, Harlow.

Purkis, S, Perrewe, P, Gillespie, T, Mayes, B and Ferris, G 2006, ‘Implicit sources of bias in employment interview judgments and decisions’, Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Porcesses, vol. 101, no. 2, pp. 152-167.

The Economist 2012, ‘Attractive women should not include a photo with a job application’, The Economist. 31 March, viewed 19 March 2017, http://www.economist.com/node/21551535

Wilson, F 2010, Organizational Behavior and Work, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

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