Tsunami Emergency Management SystemsIntroductionDisaster is the occurrence of state of extreme misfortune and ruin. It can as well be called calamity or catastrophe. It is usually an event with consequences which are disastrous. Disaster can be natural or man made hazard that poses a threat to life, property, or environment. Disasters can also be referred as an overwhelming disruption of ecology that occurs on a large scale hence demanding assistance from outside world. Tsunami is one such natural disaster that occurred in 2004 killing a lot of people in Indonesia and other neighboring countries.
Tsunami refers to as a series of water waves that are caused by large volume of water body’s displacement like a large lake or an ocean. Tsunamis usually devastate coastal regions with causalities being high due to the higher speed of the waves compared to the speed of human beings. Crisis is any event that is unplanned which in most situations cause injuries or death to public or even cause the damage of the environment and physical facilities as well as threatening (Gustin 345). Tsunami is usually generated by underwater explosions, earthquakes, landslides, mass movements, volcanic eruptions, and bolide impacts.
In 2004, an 8.9 magnitude earthquake near Aceh, Indonesia under the sea generated the biggest tsunami in the world ever experienced for the last 40 years. The water wall fanned out across the Indian Ocean at a high speed and slammed into coastal areas where thousands of people were killed with intensive damage of properties and infrastructures. Indonesia is one of the country that was greatly affected by the earthquake and tsunami that was generated by Indian Ocean earthquake that took place on 26 December 2004.
It swamped northern and western Sumatra’s coastal areas with most of the causalities taking place at Aceh Province. It was estimated that approximately 167,736 people died although 130,736 people were confirmed to be dead, while 37,063 were missing according to Indonesia’s National Disaster Relief Coordination Agency. Over 500,000 people were displaced by tsunami. In 2009, the death toll due to tsunami was estimated at 225,000 people (Eddie and Allan Ronald 235). Objectives of crises managementThe main role of crises management is to coordinate exchange of information within any organization or several organizations with the main purpose of preventing occurrence of crisis.
Crisis management also aims at establishing a management structure that is effective towards responding to actual or threatened crises. It also ensures full cooperation of appropriate contributor s in crisis management areas (Moore and Lakha 1995). Purpose of crisis ManagementThe main purpose is to avert impending crisis from taking place or becoming actual crisis. Crisis management has also a purpose of bringing into control any form of crisis.
Crisis management has a role of enabling crisis managers to shape crisis future through their actions thereby bringing a solution which is acceptable (Moore and Lakha 1995). Tsunami Emergency ManagementDisaster preparedness is of great importance in ensuring life’s and properties are not lost when disasters like tsunami occurs. The main aim of disaster preparedness is to ensure that appropriate procedures, resources, and systems are in place towards providing quick and effective assistance to the victims of the disaster. This will also help in facilitating relief measures and other rehabilitation services to the affected people.
Indonesia among several other countries affected by Tsunami has improved their efforts towards ensuring they prepare effectively against such disasters like tsunami. Disaster preparedness ensures standards and regulations are adopted towards preparing for disaster. It also ensures communication, information and warning systems are well organized. It also ensures good development of public education programs to ensure that society becomes aware of the ways of preparing themselves against such disasters. Disaster preparedness will also coordinate information sessions with news media informing and updating society about the awaiting disasters and how to avoid and evade them.
Disaster management or emergency is the planned steps which are adopted so as to minimize disaster effects and be able to continue with business activities or operation s without stopping irrespective of events or circumstances. Disaster management is the discipline of dealing with risks avoidance and prevention. Emergency management is usually the continuous process whereby all groups, individuals, and community handle hazards in an effort to ameliorate or avoid disaster impacts resulting from the hazards. Such measures are being put in place to ensure the occurrence of Tsunami will not have diverse and devastating effects to the population or society if it occurs again (Damon 342; Heath 54).