The paper "Management Decision-Making Styles " is a good example of a management assignment. The four major purposes and methods of interactive communication include; Task coordination, this involves a monthly meeting by departmental heads to deliberate on how every department is contributing to the goals of the organization. The second approach is information sharing where members of one department meet with affiliates of another department to share new data or information. Problem-solving is another method where members of a department gather to brainstorm and examine how they can handle a certain problem, for instance, a budget reduction.
The fourth approach is conflict resolution whereby members of a department gather to discuss a conflict between departments or within the department. Question 2 The major management decision-making styles are; the analytical style. The tactic entails an in-depth appraisal of the situation. It involves looking at alternatives to direct the decision (Luthans, 2010). The benefit of the approach is that a manager can come up with quality decisions. The demerit is that arriving at a decision can be difficult and confusing since one has to examine alternative decisions. The second approach is the directive style where the decision-maker uses their personal opinions, experiences, ideas, and judgments to make a decision (Luthans, 2010).
The advantage of the method is that decisions are not interfered with and they can easily be made. Inadequacy of the approach is that by using a single opinion, it is possible to come up with wrong decisions. The behavioral style involves consulting others whereby the manager is open to the recommendation made by others and works towards avoiding conflict. The benefit of the tactic is that resistance to change may not easily take place.
The disadvantage is that it can be difficult to come up with a decision that makes everyone contented. The conceptual style is another decision-making tactic. It entails putting into consideration a wider perspective in making decisions including future options (Luthans, 2010). The benefit is that it enables one to deal with the uncertainty that may emerge in future. The disadvantage is that it may result in uncertainty. Question 3 The four major sources of interpersonal conflict include personal differences which emanate from variations in individual personalities, for instance, one may be extremely emotional an aspect that may give rise to conflict. Another source of conflict is role incompatibility which arises when the duties of managers or employees in an organization are interdependent.
For instance, a manager may come up with a decision that interferes with the other manager/ employee leading to conflict. Information deficiency is another source of interpersonal conflict. The conflict emanates from a breakdown in communication in the organization. A case in point is when two people are misinformed. Environmental stress is another factor that instigates conflict.
For instance, working in an organization where employees are ill-treated or where resources are scarce can lead to stress which may steer conflict between the employees and the management. I think that the most relevant conflict in today’ s organizations is one that arises from personal differences. In the context of my organization, I have noted that in most cases, conflict arises among employees because of the differences in their personalities. For instance, there is a certain category of people who like to dominate others, such an attribute has often instigated the conflict.
Also, female employees are sometimes very emotional which often leads to conflict.