The paper 'Foundations of Management ' is a perfect example of a Management Case Study. Contemporary workplace experiences managerial challenges because of the fast changes in workplace environments including the nature of work. Managers offer supportive environments for the efficient, professional experience of the employees. The supportive environments enable the full utilization of employee talents to the benefit of the organization (Schermerhorn, 2014, 1-31). There exist growing diversity among individuals in the workplace caused by increasing globalization that has led to drastic changes in the workplace. Institutions, therefore, need to carry out their activities in the most ethical and moral ways.
Managers should put in the whole organization to be ethical, morally, and socially upright (Waddock, 2005, 334-345). Current expectations that every organization has to meet include; sustainable development, environmental concern, consumer protection through fair practices, and safety in products (Schermerhorn, 2014, 1-31). For organizations to meet these expectations the formation of an active and efficient management board dedicated to their work is necessary. This paper, therefore, involves the study of the management concepts and theories and their application to the contemporary workplace.
Moreover, the contemporary workplace leads to changes in management roles to include a more general management role. For instance, the managers should be able to measure the organizational performance through productivity, performance efficiency, and performance effectiveness of the employees. Employee productivity is the quality and quantity of work performance of an employee to the resource allocation. Performance effectiveness is the measure of employee output on every duty that the employee carries out. On the other hand, performance efficiency is how best resource utilization meets the accomplishment of organizational goals and objectives (Schermerhorn, 2014, 1-31). Approaches to management There are various classical approaches to management that include; 1)The scientific approach to management 2)The administrative principle of management 3)Bureaucratic organization management The classical approaches to management focus on the same assumption that employees in an organization always behave in a rational way considerably driven by the economic concern of the organization.
A behavioral approach to management maintains that an individual is always self-actualizing and social (Schermerhorn, 2014, 1-31). Therefore, individuals in the workplace always seek to have a satisfying social relationship and a search for personal fulfillment. Hawthorne studies involve a scientific management concept that seeks to determine various ways of how economic incentives of a workplace affect workers' output.
The studies try to argue that it would be reasonable enough to improve employee performance if there is better lighting among them. Moreover, the social setting of the workplace enables the productivity increase from the workers. Therefore, Hawthorne studies state that individuals feeling and co-worker relationship is necessary for management considerations. MANAGEMENT THEORIES The primary objective of the application of management theories in the contemporary workplace is to increase organizational productivity and increase service quality.
Most managers use various combinations of management approaches. The combination depends on the workforce, workplace, and purpose (Karsten, 2006, 111-115). Contingency theory Under this approach, the manager makes decisions on the matter at hand. The manager makes the decision in consideration of the current subject and situation. For instance, managers in a business set up may want to use the combined workforce that may include every employee’ s participation in the achievement of organizational goals (Schermerhorn, 2014, 1-31). Managers should not only make decisions for the future growth of the organization but also have to consider the current situations affecting the organization in their decision making.
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