Essays on Negative and Positive Effects of Globalisation Coursework

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The paper "Negative and Positive Effects of Globalisation" is an outstanding example of business coursework.   Globalization has been in existence for several decades because of technological advancement. It entails economic aspects of life where raw materials are used, products are manufactured, property rights are promoted and financial exchanges take place within and across borders. A lot of resources are exploited in order to have a complete economic system. Cultural exchanges and interaction are involved where trade is practised. The resources used, products manufactured and wastes generated have positive and negative effects on the environment.

Environment refers to an external surrounding of an individual, plants and animals; both talking and non-talking partners of the environment face the consequences. Food security and reduction of soil erosion are some of the positive impacts which led to lower poverty levels especially in the third world countries. Global warming and health implications have been the results of globalization. Erosion of culture, loss of identity and adoption of new practices has been witnessed. Developed countries carry out a lot of productions and discharge wastes into water bodies while emitting harmful gases into the atmosphere causing environmental degradation (Wijen, 2012, p64). Positive impacts Globalization has changed a lot in the environment for example- waste management.

The rate at which wastes are being generated is high especially from industries and other large organizations. Technology has led to the establishment of proper ways of dealing with wastes for instance-: anaerobic respiration which is applied on industrial discharges has led to the generation of methane gas which is used for cooking and lighting. The amount of space for discharging the pollutants has reduced. Lagoons are used to treat effluents before they are discharged into water bodies and the land.

This has brought down the impacts associated with wastes on the land and in water; therefore, water organisms do not die because dissolved oxygen does not get depleted. The principle of 3Rs was established and adopted; reduce, reuse and recycle. Many people have learnt to cut on the number of wastes they generate, for instance, institutions ensure that they print or photocopy on both sides of the paper; they cut on costs of operation and cost of waste management (Wijen, 2012, p101).

Reuse of waste materials like water, soda and alcohol bottles is a common phenomenon. Some companies have specialized in collecting and selling to the concerned companies. Wastes are being recycled; paper is reproduced as toilet paper while plastics can be melted and moulded into other materials. Cleaner production technologies were adopted since technological advancement was established. These include using resources in a most sustainable manner, for example, water and raw materials, modification of products so that they cause less harm to the environment and use of newer technologies so that operational costs can be reduced and increase profits (Safadi, 2001, p33).

Change of raw materials from those that have a lot of negative impacts on the environment, for example- natural gas and wind energies were preferred to oil which emits carbon materials into the environment causing air pollution and accumulation of heat in the atmosphere. Technology-enabled people to innovate and discover new products that have fewer effects and economize non-renewable resources. Biogas from cow dung is the cheapest way of energy production; it is clean and readily available.

The equipment and machines used in producing biogas are not complicated; ordinary ones can be used hence many people who are not in a position to afford electricity can use it (Esty & Ivanova, 2004, p13). Wastes have been minimized from the environment. Carbon trading is a phenomenon which has been adopted by many countries so that they can increase the number of trees that absorb carbon. Such trees are acquired at higher prices, but when they mature they are sold; it has helped in reducing carbon dioxide in the atmosphere; therefore, global warming will be reduced.

Energy-saving methods were devised, for example- energy saving stoves and bulbs; it has led to economizing energy materials hence sustainability (Wijen, 2012, p69).

References

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Ehrenfeld D., 2003, Globalisation: Effects on Biodiversity, Environment and society. Conservation and Society, 1(1), 99-111.

Esty D., and Ivanova M., 2004, Globalization and Environmental Protection: a Global Governance Perspective, Yale Center for Environmental Law & Policy Working Paper Series, No.0402, 3-22, from :< http://envirocenter.yale.edu/uploads/workingpapers/0402%20esty-ivanova.pdf > on 29 April, 2012.

Frumkin, H., 2010, Environmental health from global to local. San Francisco, CA, Jossey-Bass. http://public.eblib.com/EBLPublic/PublicView.do?ptiID=484870.

Lofdahl, L., 2002, Environmental impacts of globalization and trade: a systems study. Cambridge, Mass., MIT Press.

McAusland, C., 2008, Globalisation’s Direct and Indirect Effects on the Environment, International Transport Forum, 4-25, from :< http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/10/60/41380703.pdf > on 29 April. 2012.

Safadi, R., 2001. The development dimensions of trade. Paris, OECD.

Wijen, F., 2012, A handbook of globalisation and environmental policy: national government interventions in a global arena. Cheltenham, Elgar.

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