IntroductionDiversity generally refers to the act of understanding, acknowledging, agreeing with and participating in the celebration of people’s differences regarding race, ethnicity, culture, belief, class, age, gender, mental and physical ability, as well as public status. Issues to do with diversity are regarded as significant especially taking into consideration that as time goes by, there is seen an increase in the differences of the population. Workplaces should place a lot of emphases on diversity and think of ways of becoming organizations and workplaces that are widely inclusive of workers and personalities with diverse qualities (Paludi, 2012).
This is because it is much more possible to realize increased competitive advantage, greater yielding potential and higher productivity. It is believed that workforce diversity is a significant asset which cannot just be ignored by any nation that believes in equality and does not encourage discrimination. Effective management of diversity is a very fundamental aspect workforce management which can bring about an increase in the productivity of workplace. Global changes in the demographic trends currently have been on the increase in that the global population is steadily growing (Kunisch, S, Boehm, S.
A., & Boppel, M. 2011). As provided for by the United Nations, the population globally is approximated to have hit the seven billion mark and further, projections indicate that by around 2050 the figure is expected to have hit the nine billion mark going by the changes that are currently taking place demographically. Averagely, it is estimated that the life expectancy as determined at the time of birth, has risen from 48 years during the 1950s to 65 years currently. This varies globally but generally it results into a growth in population as well as an increase in the population that is aging.
Organizations and workplaces are currently on a high rise of urbanization with regard to changes that are happening in the global workforce (Graen, 2003). It is estimated that about 50% of the global population resides in urban areas and that by 2050 this percentage will have hit the 75% mark. The portion of global population that represents Europe demographically has been on the fall as is observed from 1960s. The percentage represented by Europe in the global population was 20% in 1960.
However, this figure had fallen to around 10% by the year 2005. It is projected that by the year 2050 the population that represents Europe in the global population will just be about 8% (Paludi, 2012). Part 1: Tendency of current demographic trends to increase workforce diversity At a time when there has been an increase in population around Europe that has taken place between the years 1960 and 2005, this workforce increase in population in Europe has been replaced in terms of space by the changes in demographic trends that that have been witnessed by growth in population of diversified workforce in India, Africa and China.
Changes in the demographic trends that take place in countries such as France, Ireland, Spain along with UK are projected to experience a growth in the population of the workforce in a the next couple of decades. Projects in Europe that tend to result in an increase in the diversity of workforce are projected to be on the rise ever since the year 2010 (Graen, 2003).