The paper 'The Internal and External Environments of an Organization within the Context of HR Planning" is a good example of a management case study. The main functions in human resource management are planning, organizing, leading and controlling. However, these functions are influenced by internal factors. The Wesfarmers Company has embraced role culture and this is an internal factor that ultimately has an effect on HR planning and job design. The company is run by directors led by the chairman, managing director and financial director among other directors. The system is largely borrowed from Weber’ s theory of bureaucracy where work seems to be controlled by a few managers who are at the top of the structure.
The major role of strategic human management resource planning is the interpretation of future plans and goals of the organization on basis of number and type of human resource. Wesfarmers (2009b, p. 3) reports that it has a profile of 11 directors including the chairman. The members have a major influence on the HR planning of the company since the board has one chief human resource officer, Mr.
Ben Lawrence. In role culture, the pillars are strong well-designed departments. The job of the department is controlled and coordinated by procedures governing roles such as job descriptions and authority definitions. There are also procedures for communications such as circulation rules and document distribution and also dispute settlement rules also exist. In this culture, the ultimate control and coordination are in the hand of senior managers. Power of position is the main power in this culture where only expert power is allowed if appropriate and personal power is not accepted.
Here the procedures and rules are well established. The success of this culture relies on appropriateness in the provision of responsibilities and roles (Fang 2000, p. 6). This culture works well in a stable environment. It also frustrates persons who are power inclined or need control over her or his own job and the way in which it is carried out.
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