The paper "The Roles of the Unions, Employer Associations" is a great example of management coursework. Labour has always been an integral aspect of any economy. This is even more so in the globalised world. Labour laws and unions are systems and movements that have been in existence since time immemorial. They help In improving worker’ s standards of living, fostering equality in the working environment, application of justice in cases where the rights of an employee have been infringed, and advocating for policies implementation by the government to see to it that workers are not oppressed or victimized (Joachim, 2007).
The emergence of these labor unions and movements were as a result of most employers and governments, are more concerned about multiplying their income rather than look after the welfare of their employees (Addison, 2007). The world economies and political systems are being liberalized, thus changing the way things are run. These changes, therefore, require labour unions to greatly update their strategies in order to meet demands posed by these new conditions (Claus, 2007). Although liberalization poses more pressure on labour unions to up their game to achieve growth in equity, it has propelled these unions to play a vital role in the society both economically, socially and politically (Visser, 2006). LABOUR UNIONS IN AMERICA In the US, labour movements and unions were established in the early 19TH Century.
Due to industrialization, many corporations were established in order to meet the large demand for products or services. This move allowed many people to seek employment in these corporations (Blanchflower, 2007). The employment of workers meant negotiating for salaries and better wages for the employees, thus the emergence of labor unions in America.
S Labour unions were helpful and still are in developing sustainable channels o production and consumption in economies. (Simon, 2007). This is because they are globally integrated and have access to global information and are very influential in the working population (Alex, 2007). More recently, labor unions in America have involved themselves in global processes in policymaking. Are able to organize workers and voice their problems and issues. They have been very integral in the American economy as corporations would otherwise dictate and paternalise their employees.
Addison, T., Claus S., and Joachim, W. 2007. The (Parlous) State of German Unions. Journal of Labour Research, 28 (winter), pp.3-18.
Bach, S. 2002. Public-sector Employment Relations Reform under Labour: Muddling Through or Modernization? British Journal of Industrial Relations, 40(2), pp. 319-99.
Blanchflower, D.G. 2007. International Patterns of Union Membership. British Journal of Industrial Relations, 45 (March), pp. 1-28.
Blanchflower, G., Alex, B., and John, F.. 2007. Workplace Industrial Relations in Britain, 1980-2004. Industrial Relations Journal, 38(4), pp. 285-302.
Blaschke, S. 2000. Union Density and European Integration: Diverging Convergence. European Journal of Industrial Relations, 6(2), pp. 217-36.
Blinder, A.S. 1973. Wage Discrimination: Reduced Form and Structural Variables. Journal of Human Resources, 8 (fall), pp. 436-455.
Brown, W., S. Deakin, M. and Pratten, C. 2001. The Limits of Statutory Trade Union Recognition. Industrial Relations Journal, 32(3), pp.180-94.
Brown, W., Simon, D., Maria, H., Cliff, P. and Paul, R. 1998. The Individualisation of Employment Contracts in Britain. Report Number 4, Employment Relations Research Series. London: Department of Trade and Industry.
Bryson, A. and Rafael G. 2005. Why Have Workers Stopped Joining Unions? Accounting for the Rise in Never-Membership in Britain. British Journal of Industrial Relations, 43 (March), pp. 66-92.
Chaplin, J., Jane, M., Susan, P. and Colin, A. 2005. The Workplace Employment Relations Survey 2004 Technical Report (Cross-section and Panel Surveys). London: National Centre for Social Research.
Ebbinghaus, B. and Hassel, A. 2000. Striking Deals: Concentration in the Reform of Continental European Welfare States. Journal of European Public Policy, 7(1), pp. 44-62.
Ebbinghaus, B. and Visser, J. 1999. When Institutions Matter. Union Growth and Decline in Western Europe, 1950–1995. European Sociological Review, 15(2), pp. 135–58
Graubart, J. 2008. Legalizing Transnational Activism: The Struggle to Gain Social Change from NAFTA’s Citizen Petitions. University Park, PA; The Pennsylvania State University Press.
Hamann, K. 2001. The Resurgence of National-Level Bargaining: Union Strategies in Spain. Industrial Relations Journal, 32(2), pp.154-72.
Mayer, F. 2006. Interpreting NAFTA: The Science and Art of Political Analysis. Columbia International Affairs Online
Maynard, M. 2004. The End of Detroit: How the Big Three Lost Their Grip on the American Car Market. Currency/Doubleday.
Sano, J. and John B. 2008. Factors Affecting Union Decline and their Implications for Labor Reform. International Journal of Comparative Sociology, 49, pp. 479-500
Schnabel, C., Stefan, Z., and Susanne, K. 2006. Collective Bargaining Structure and its Determinants: An Empirical Analysis with British and German Establishment Data. European Journal of Industrial Relations, 12 (July), pp. 165-188.
Schnabel, Claus and Joachim Wagner. 2007. The Persistent Decline in Unionization in Western and Eastern Germany, 1980-2004: What Can We Learn from a Decomposition Analysis? Industrielle Beziehungen, 14 (2), pp. 118-132.
Scruggs, L. and Lange, P. 2002. Where Have all the Members Gone? Globalizations, Institutions, and Union Density. The Journal of Politics 64(1), pp. 126–53.
Scruggs, L. and Lange, P. 2002. Where Have All the Members Gone? Globalization, Institutions, and Union Density. Journal of Occupational Psychology, 64(1), pp. 126-53.
Silvia, Stephen J. and Wolfgang Schroeder. 2007. Why Are German Employers’ Associations Declining? Arguments and Evidence. Comparative Political Studies, 40 (December), pp. 1433-1459.
Traxler, F. 1999. The State in Industrial Relations: A Cross-national Analysis of Developments and Socioeconomic Effects. European Journal of Political Research, 36, pp. 55-85.
Traxler, F. 2000. Employers and Employer Organisations in Europe: Membership Strength, Density and Representativeness. Industrial Relations Journal, 31(4), pp. 308-316.
Visser, Jelle. 2006. Union Membership in 24 Countries. Monthly Labour Review, 129 (January), pp. 38-49.
Waddington, J. 2000. Towards A Reform Agenda? European Trade Unions in Transition. Industrial Relations Journal, 31(4), pp. 317-30.
Waddington, J. 2001. Articulating Trade Union Organisation for the New Europe? Industrial Relations Journal, 32(5), pp. 449-463.
Willman Paul and Alex Bryson. 2009. Accounting for Collective Action: Resource Acquisition and Mobilization in British Unions. Advances in Industrial and Labour Relations, 16, pp. 23-50.
Willman, P., Alex, B. and Rafael G.. 2007. The Long Goodbye: New Establishments and the Fall of Union Voice in Britain. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 18 (7): 1318-1334.