INCIDENT COMMANDIntroduction: In this assignment I am going to discuss about the various aspects of Incident Command System. The report will be based on the high rise flats, Harrow court incident, Stevenage, Hertfordshire. The beginning of the report deals about the history of the Incident Command System, it’s levels of command, line of command, sectorisation, span of control, etc. After this description the analysis goes on about instigating the Incident Command System, associating it with high rise flats, specifically for the Harrow court incident. Later I am going to deal about the awareness of the Dynamic Risk Assessment Principles and the inter-agency liaison for a particular incident. I.
Incident Command System: History: An Incident Command System is an on scene disaster management system. The U. S. National Response Team’s(NRT) Technical Assistance Document says that the Incident Command System(ICS) was developed in 1970’s to manage the rapidly spreading wildfire in California and it’s impact on the urban population in that area. The purpose of the Incident Command System is to manage a response team involving multi – jurisdictional disciplines. The ICS is best described as the system to have perfect co–ordination in carrying out effective response.
It is committed to address the following issues during response / rescue operations like lack of perfect information about the incident, lack of proper planning in executing the rescue operation, no effective tools for communication, etc. The ICS is in practice in the UK and the US. Levels of Command: The levels of command for the ICS was framed by UK Metropolitan police after the 1985 riots in north London. The structure is called as the Gold – Silver – Bronze command structure.
Gold Level: This level involves the strategic planners of the Incident Command. They will not be present in the operation site but will be at a distance to delegate commands. If the operation involves various agencies, then the Gold commanders of various levels will work together to plan out the rescue operation. Silver Level: These commanders frame the action plan to be carried out according to the guidelines of the Gold commander. They set out the different tactics of carrying out the response / rescue.
They are not present in the scene but they are close to the bronze commanders who actually carry out the operation. Bronze Level: The bronze commander is present in the scene with the staff working. These commanders take in charge of the management of Incident Command’s resources, they manage the cordon definitions and they take care of the survivors. Structure, Sectorisation and Line of Command: The structure of Incident Command System is such that the Incident Commander commands four sections namely operations section, planning section, logistics section and the finance / admin section.
Apart from these four separate sectors there is a group called command staff who assist the incident commander directly. Examples of sectors can be BA servicing, casualty caring section, water section, etc. Sectorisation is done to tackle the different operations at the incident ground. Sector control points are set to keep the identification of different sectors. Sectorisation must be done if the incident is of large scale and it is better to be done at earlier stages of the rescue operation.