High Rise IncidentAnalysisIntroductionThis paper is based on an analysis of the high rise incident at Harrow Court, Stevenage, Hertfordshire. The flow of the paper will be along the following points: Explaining incident command and how it will be implemented during a major incident. Discussion of the purpose and advantages of instigating the incident command system at emergency incidents. Critical examination of the incident command system for high rise buildings. Discussion of the incident and critical evaluation of the management of this incident. Demonstration of the dynamic risk assessment principles in terms of effectiveness at this incident. The need for inter agency liaison. Through the progress of facts, details and technicalities, the paper will then reach a conclusion regarding the analysis carried out.
This conclusion will summarize the features of the analysis so as to depict an accurate picture of the incident command system and risk assessment principles in the case of the Harrow Court High Rise incident. Incident Command System: Features and ImplementationAlso known as the ICS, an Incident Command System comprises of a variety of aspects as follows: Hazard Management Concept applied to any and every situation; Reduces the potential for miscommunication during emergencies; Flexible and measurable response organization; Consists of people from various agencies; Federalized management protocol for emergencies. (Source: National Response Team)The following is a basic organization chart followed by the incident command system: (Source: www. wikipedia. com)The organization chart as depicted above can be summarized according to the following levels of command as used by the Scotland Yard as developed by the UK Metropolitan Police in 1985:Gold: plays a strategic role in the planning process; Silver: plays a tactical role in the executive and decision making process; Bronze: plays an operational role of carrying out decisions in the executive process. (Source: National Response Team)In this case the structuring of an incident takes place on the basis of sectorisation.
This secotorisation is a matter of creating unity in command, objective based management as well as flexible organization of men and resources. Sectorisation depends of resources: WaterDecontamizationLogisticsHazMatMarshalling(Source: West Yorkshire Fire and Rescue Service)In this regard, there are a variety of responsibilities that are undertaken at various levels in the line of command. These are as follows: Sector Commander: is in charge of various sectors and taking decisions regarding resource utilization in each of the same. Operations Commander: is in charge of taking care of a particular line of operations in the executive chain. Incident Commander: can be divided into single incident, unified incident, or area command depending on the scale and requirement of the incident. (Source: National Incident Command System)In this regard, the functional officer is the one who undertakes the responsibility of tying in the different areas of operation as well as resource deployment and optimum utilization.
The functional officer is the on scene officer. An example of the same is the public information officer or the incident safety officer. The meaning of span of control is the border or the limits within which the area of each officer or function is defined in the incident command system.
The span of control encompasses all the communication that takes place within a particular sector or command area. In this regard, the command support is used in order to transfer command, undertake charge of a sector in the situation, implement strategic and tactical decisions and various other activities.