1.IntroductionContrary to the belief of many, an effective leader is made not born. Indeed, if an individual has the aspiration and willpower, he or she can develop into an effective leader. Northouse (2007, p3) defines leadership as the process through which an individual influences others to realize a certain common objective and guides the organization in a manner that encourages cohesion and coherence. Consequently, to be able to inspire other into advanced levels of teamwork, effective leaders must possess certain attributes, knowledge, and skills. These attributes are not inborn but are acquired and developed through continual work, education, training, self- study and experience.
Further, according to Northouse (2007, p5) even though effective leadership is achieved through learning; abilities and knowledge possessed by the leader are also influenced by his or her individual attributes or traits, such as character, beliefs, values, and ethics (Northouse, 2007). As such, knowledge and skills augment the process of leadership, whereas the other individual attributes provide the leader with characteristics that make them exceptional and unique. The concept of effective leadership is a vital feature of Human Resource Development.
In fact in today's dynamic business world and increased globalization, the emergent and growing role of HRD experts is to help firms to build, sustain, and persistently advance the policies, approaches and strategies that are necessary to acquire and maintain a position of competitive advantage and market forte (Lord & Brown, 2004). Moreover, the competitive nature of today’s marketplace demands human resource professionals with an extended role within the organization, as a result of the increased significance of societal and relationship capital. The challenge for the human resource professional is to acquire and apply influence to develop into a more superior strategic partner; to define where the organization is going, and to utilize the organization’s human resources purpose to help show the way.
In view of that, effective leadership is vital to the realization of high performance among employees, both new and seasoned (Leonard, 2010). In this individual assignment, the paper aims to explore the concept of effective leadership. The assignment is divided into three parts whereby in the first part the paper discusses leadership attributes displayed by George Washington.
The second part discuss efficiency of training and development in developing effective leadership traits while the third part is dedicated to planning an HRD program to prepare new and aspiring employees for promotion to leadership positions. 2.George Washington as an Effective LeaderGeorge Washington was the founding president of the United States of America and is generally revered for his role in the establishment of America as a democratic nation. He successful led Americans to independence from the British and helped bring different states and colonies together to establish the great nation that is America.
A number of attributes set George Washington apart as an exceptional and effective leader. a.Visioning and PlanningEffective leaders provide a vision of the future, inspire others to accept that vision, and empower those within his or her team to realize that vision (Leonard Jr & Hilgert, 2004). George Washington articulated a vision of the ultimate future, which he crafted against the short-term goals. Washington then established a mission statement that stipulated the actions or steps that had to be undertaken taken to realize the vision. Further, George Washington shared his vision and mission with his team in order to create a sense of joint or shared ownership and allow the team to take up responsibility for the accomplishment the identified goals (Hodges, 2011).