PART AImpact of Leadership on Organizational CultureLeadershipLeadership is the process by which one person provides direction for the rest of the constituents of the group. It is the process by which one exercise influence on the other people in order to achieve objectives and goals of the organization or group. Leaders exercise their influence over the people they are in charge. Leadership is a responsibility that needs sacrifice and dedication from the person who has been given the mandate of being a leader. Through leadership, one individual influences others towards the achievement of organizational or group goals.
Leadership is a process of social influence (Yukl 2006, p. 57). Leadership cannot be there without a leader. Leadership initiates action that is voluntary on the side of followers. There are various theories that explain the different roles of leadership. Some of these theories give deeper meaning to the understanding of leadership. Functional leadership theory is important at addressing particular behaviors of a leader expected to give a contribution to the unit or organizational effectiveness. This theory holds that the main goal of the leader is to see that all needs of the group are catered for.
Consequently a leader can be commended to have done well when he contributes to the cohesion and effectiveness of the group. Whereas functional theory has mostly been linked to team leadership, it has been applied effectively to wider organizational leadership. Leaders in the functional theory have functions to perform while promoting effectiveness in organization (Zaccaro, Rittman & Marks 2001, p. 457). These functions include organizing subordinate activities, environmental monitoring, coaching and teaching subordinates, intervening adequately in group work, and motivating the members of the group.
There some leadership behaviors, which are required to facilitate these functions. The subordinates perceive their seniors behavior in terms of two wide categories which are known as initiating and consideration structure. Consideration comprises of behavior involved in bringing out relationships that are effective. Illustrations of such behaviors are demonstrating concern for a subordinate or behaving in a supportive manner towards the rest of the groups. Transformational and transactional theories A transactional leader has the power to perform particular reward and tasks or punish for performance team.
It provides an opening to the manager to show the way to the grouping, and the group is in agreement with him to follow his direction to accomplish a goal that is predetermined in exchange for another thing. Power is provides to the leader to correct, train, and evaluate subordinates when productivity falls below the level that is desired, and reward accordingly when the desired outcome is achieved. A leader who is transformational motivates his team to be efficient and effective. Communication is the foundation for goal achievement stressing on the final desired goal or outcome attained.
This leader is normally highly visible and utilizes chain of command in the accomplishment of the task. Transformational leaders look at the big picture requiring to be supported by people who look at the details. The leader is ever looking for ideas that make the organization be on track towards achieving the vision of the company.