The paper "How Theories of Leadership Provide Practical Advice on How to Be an Effective Leader" is a perfect example of management coursework. Leadership is one the aspect of life that has existed as long as human existence. In fact, it is one of the most debated topics among people and theorists in the field of politics and organization management. It influences every aspect of our relationship with family members, friends, and colleague at the workplace. Every successful organization or institution today can be attributed to the kind of leadership embraced by its top management.
Therefore, it is right to argue that leadership aspire people towards a common and desired goal. However, with change forces of life and business environment, managers have been prompted their leadership styles over time so as gain competitive in the market (Jing & Avery, 2008, p. 68). This is a culmination that there are many theories of leadership. Based on the topic of leadership, this essay will discuss how theories of leadership provide practical advice on how to be an effective leader. To put this essay into perspective the paper will define leadership and discuss various theories of leadership such as “ great man" theory, trait theory, contingency theory, behavioral theory, situational theory, and management theory among others. Leadership has more than 350 definitions but only one is universally accepted.
Therefore Daft (2005) defines leadership as social influences a person has over the other which include support and aid to realize a common goal. Managers and entrepreneurs are normally considered leaders in their workplace due to their influences towards organizational goal. This typifies why the definition of management and entrepreneurship is synonymous with that of leadership.
However, some researchers claim that these three aspects of an organization are distinct in their own way. Dubrin, Dalglish & Miller (2006, p. 335) contends that entrepreneurship needs only skills that are related to business especially in the new ventures. Management experts argue that management deals with the interpersonal element of human including the administrative roles of planning, organizing, controlling and directing (Chan & Chan, 2005, p. 417). Leadership considers a personal collection of skills which can be used in different circumstances. These skills can be used to align people, provide motivation and aspiration, and driving change.
Leadership thinker Warren (1997) claims that a while a leader must be innovative and come with new ways of doing things manager may copy is strategies used by other companies. The advocates of transformational leadership presume that leadership enhances the performance of an organization through influence action of leaders which create a platform for change (McNichol, 2007). For example, many management experts today cite Steve as a transformational leader who steered Apple to greater heights. Asher (2011) claims that Job’ s innovative skill and contribution towards the development and production of iPhone Smartphone made the company be regarded as a technology giant today. Some of the attributes of Steve Jobs such as a passion for technology has been argued to be intrinsic.
Such a notion can be linked-to Great man theory which postulates that effective leaders are actually born but not made. According to Lussier & Achua (2004), this theory claims that leaders hold an inborn ability to rise to an occasion when required by means intelligence, charisma, wisdom and other consideration and not just to influence.
The hypothesis that put forth some of the great leaders of the world has assisted in supporting the school thought that highly rated leaders are in fact born but not made. Some of the leaders in this category consist of Abraham Lincoln, Martin Luther King, Mahatma Gandhi, Napoleon, Alexander the Great and Julius Caesar among others (Lussier& Achua, 2004). For instance, Alexander the Great was a military leader who never lost any of his battles. These leaders did not just inspire but also changed the way we think.
However, the theory is faulted for it hypothesizes that leadership is a man’ s “ thing” .
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