The paper 'Effective Leadership in an Organisation " is a good example of management coursework. Leadership with efficient management are the two main requirements of any organisation. Efficient leadership qualities of a person give him recognition within an organisation. A leader is required to be strong and confident in character with good communication skills and a clear vision of his activities. Besides this, the leader should have a positive attitude and focused on the achievement of goals. He should be a risk-taker, ambitious and honest. In this assignment, we discuss leadership and the qualities of an efficient leader.
Further three different theories on leadership have been discussed, namely, the trait theory, behavioral theory and the contingency theory. A current article on the topic is also elaborated which was reported on the media. 2.0. Leadership Leadership is an important and pivotal role in an organisation, irrespective of its size. It is essential for organisations to achieve their goals and the management of their employees. Without leadership, the organisations move too slowly and stagnate and more often lose their way or fail to attain their goal (Kinicki, Angelo and Kreitner, 2006). Leadership is a process by which the thoughts, attitudes and behaviours of others are influenced by one individual.
Leaders visualise the future for the organisation and they set the direction for the rest. They also encourage and inspire others in the organisation. Leaders synchronise the employees to perform together and give their effort a direction. Leadership in an organisation involved the following few: Establishment of a clear vision. Sharing the vision with others for them to follow. Providing the information, knowledge and methods to realise the vision. Coordinating and balancing the interests of all stakeholders and members. A leader should have the ability to react in times of crisis and take steps according to the situation.
Leadership qualities are something that is inbuilt and cannot be taught to individuals unlike management as both leadership and management are the two essential functions of the business (Mills, 2005). Organisational leadership is often manifested in the owner or executive directors of the company. Effective organisational leadership helps in prioritizing of objectives for subordinates and provides guidance toward achieving the overall organisational goals. Leadership has been often considered as an art and sometimes science.
Organisational leadership is a blend of art and science which gives the organisation direction. Those people have the ability to convert opportunities into advantages (Graen, 2006). 3.0. Leadership Theories Leadership is something which helps in creating a way for people to contribute to result in something extraordinary. Leadership cannot be taught but understanding the theories of organisational leadership assists in the growth and development of leadership skills and also helps in identifying and hiring the potential leaders. 3.1. Trait Theory The trait theory considers that a leader is different from the average person in respect of personality traits like intelligence, perseverance, adjustment, self-efficiency and ambition (Yukl, 2006).
There are certain assumptions that have been made while deriving at the conclusion of the theory. They are: People are born with inherited traits. Some of the traits are particularly suited to leadership. People who become good or efficient leaders have the right or sufficient combination of traits.
Fletcher, J. K. 2004. The paradox of postheroic leadership: An essay on gender, power, and transformational change. The Leadership Quarterly, 15 (5), 647−661.
Graen, G. 2006. New leadership sharing as a key to understanding organizations. In G. Graen, & J. A. Graen (Eds.), Sharing network leadership (vol. 4., pp. 269−279). Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing
Heskett, J. 2014. Are Today’s Business Heroes Challenging Our Ideas About Leadership? 02 July, 2014, Working Knowledge: the thinking that leads. Retrieved on 20-09-14
Hersey, P., Blanchard, K. H., & Johnson, D. E. 2001. Management of Organizational Behavior: Leading Human Resources. Eighth Edition. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, Inc
James. 2010. Summarising the Trait theory and limitations of Behavioural theory, retrieved on 20-09-14
Judge, T. A., & Bono, J. E. 2000. Five-factor model of personality and transformational leadership. Journal of Applied Psychology, 85, 751–765.
Kinicki, Angelo and Kreitner, R. 2006. Organizational Behavior. Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill Irwin.
Lorsch, J. 2008. A Contingency Theory of Leadership, May, Harvard University.
Mills, D.Q. 2005. The importance of leadership: Leadership, How to lead, how to live.
Northouse, G. 2007. Leadership theory and practice. (3rd ed.) Thousand Oak, London, New Delhe, Sage Publications, Inc.
Peretomode, V. F. 2012. Theories of management: Implications for educational administration. Benin City: Justice Jeco Publishing Global.
Trautmann, K., Maher, J. K., & Motley, D. G. 2007. Learning strategies as predictors of transformational leadership: The case of nonprofit managers. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 28(3), 269-287.
V. Vroom. 2000. “Leadership and decision making process”, Organizational Dynamics. Vol. 28 Nº 4, pp. 82-94.
Yukl, G. 2006. Leadership in Organizations. 6th Edition. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall.