The paper "Major Incident Management" is a perfect example of management coursework. A disaster is a tragic occurrence from happenings like floods, accidents or even explosions. It results in an unforeseen event like earthquakes that causes damages. It is important to note that some of these events can be prevented while others cannot. A disaster can be natural or man-made depending on its cause (Coppola 2011). Disasters cause physical damage that leads to loss of life and property. They also destroy the economy of a country, the social lives of their people and their cultures. Natural disasters are caused by phenomena such as landslides or floods which cannot be prevented.
This means that they can strike any time especially in areas that are more vulnerable. Climate changes like deforestation have contributed more in the increased cases of natural disasters (Coppola 2011). Man-made disasters on the other side are caused by human hazards. Such hazards include explosions, accidents. These cases can be prevented by being cautious and careful of instance in industries to avoid industrial accidents. There are various measures that can be put in place to avoid disasters.
Failure to implement these measures in countries has led to many losses especially those caused by natural disasters. This has been in the case in many developing countries where such governments fail to implement measures. Statistics show that the probability of disasters occurring in developing countries is 30% greater than in other countries. Hazards A hazard causes threats to the environment. It is a threat to life, the economy, property and health among many others. They are dormant with some potential of risk in them. It only causes harm when it is active meaning that it has to happen first for it to exist (Hyndman & Hyndman 2010).
An incident describes a hazard that has become active, hence, creating a risk. There are various modes of hazards which include dormant, armed and active. A dormant hazard shows one that has the potential of occurring. A hillside that is unstable best describes the mode above. An active hazard, on the other hand, is an incident that has already taken place. It is then known as an emergency or disaster (Hyndman & Hyndman 2010).
Some causes of hazards include natural causes. This includes all things resulting from nature like volcanoes. Man-made hazards result from activities of human-like global warming. They result from any activity by the man that creates such a risk whether short-term or otherwise. Retribution is another cause of hazards that involves the results of violating a contract or such. It is more of a punishment for instance consequences of a breach of an agreement or trespassing. Risk Risk describes the chance or possibility of an event occurring given the current conditions.
It involves the possibility of losses resulting from the occurrence of an event. It is the effect of uncertainty on something. The loss can be physical involving loss of lives or economic loss. In this case, the risk here entails incidences from hazards. Risk has various classifications including the economic risk that results from events relating to events like floods. When floods occur in an area, it threatens the economic position due to the losses that occur (Harrison 2010). Therefore, it is important to carry out a risk analysis that analyzes all possible risks and how to prevent them.
This helps in preventing such risks and how to deal with them once they occur. It is possible to avoid some risks while others it is impossible. Analyzing risks entails looking at the probability of events happening.