Management and Leadership1.0 IntroductionThe main aim of this paper is to highlight the whole structure of management of fire and rescue service in the United Kingdom, thereafter giving a report on the same. It is worth noting that any outbreak of emergency is primarily covered by the determined and hardworking team of fire and rescue service. It is also imperative to ascertain that fire and rescue service is incorporated in the United Kingdom’s legislation and by all the departments within the government. This therefore implies that the fire and rescue service enjoys its funding from a fire authority.
It is the same fire authority that is mandated to govern the fire and rescue service. The purpose of this paper is to give a detailed analysis of the managerial structure as a whole, by putting into consideration the managers’ roles and responsibilities, thus assessing the leadership theories and styles while giving comparisons with other emergency services. A summary of the historical background of the fire and rescue services will also be highlighted in this paper. 2.0 Historical BackgroundThe fire and rescue service legislation was incorporated in 1865, when an Act known as Metropolitan Fire Brigade Act was successfully passed in the United Kingdom (Bain 2002, p.
7). This resulted into fire and rescue becoming its own entity since it was withdrawn from the insurance companies. Furthermore, there was an urgency of fire and rescue service to be incorporated in the local authorities, hence the passing of the Fire Brigade’s Act in 1938, which saw the legal incorporation of fire and rescue service in the local authorities. Initially, the fire and rescue in the United Kingdom used to offer its services under different legislative and administrative entities in England, Scotland, Northern Ireland and in Wales.
However, the Second World War saw the merging of all these different administrative and legislative entities to form a sole National Fire Service. 3.0 Roles and Responsibilities of ManagersBain (2006, p. 778) clearly highlights the roles and responsibilities of managers. In the United Kingdom, the managerial structure of the fire and rescue service is composed of various positions. The different managerial positions have unique roles and responsibilities, that together in harmony, see the smooth running of the whole fire and rescue services.
Some of the managerial positions include; the crew manager, watch manager, station manager, group manager, area manager. The Crew Manager is entitled to educate and give informative talks and materials to the community, in order to enhance and improve the safety awareness within the residents. This will in turn contribute to the overall fire safety solutions, thus minimizing risks that can be undertaken within that particular community. The Crew Manager is also entitled to lead the duties of his team and individuals in ensuring that the goals and objectives are successfully achieved.
The manager is also supposed to initiate the development of the team and of the individuals. Furthermore, the Crew Manager offers investigative analysis for future reference. On the hierarchy of management, there also exists the Watch Manager, who is also entitled to be in the leading front of teams and individuals in ensuring that they do achieve their goals and objectives. Together with the roles of the Crew Manager listed above, the watch manager is obliged to lead and aid individuals to find solutions to the operational incidents and ensure that there is efficient use of the resources that is allocated to the team.
This therefore implies that the watch manager acquires, stores and allocates resources to teams and individuals. This enables the watch manager to assess team’s and individual’s performance, thus responding to poor performances.