The paper "Effective Leadership Management" is a wonderful example of a Managemen Assignment. A leadership style refers to the style that a leader uses to provide direction, to implement plans, and to motivate the people who work under them. Different organizational situations call for different styles of leadership (Michael and Adeniyi, 2007). Take for instance an emergency where there is no much time for a meeting to deliberate on a common course of action and where those in authority are more experienced than the rest of the team, the most effective leadership style would be an autocratic leadership style.
In a highly motivated team, however, with similar experiences and expertise, a democratic style of leadership would be the most appropriate (Apex Leadership Ltd, 2013). From the examples above, it is evident that the leadership style adopted should be one that achieves the objectives of the organization in the most effective way without sacrificing the interests of individuals in the organization. The following are the various leadership styles provided in literature together with the most appropriate in different environmental situations and with different categorizations of employees (Schmid, 2006). The authoritarian style of leadership In the authoritarian style of leadership, all the decision-making powers are made in a centralized place by a single leader as in the way that dictators do.
The leadership style discourages subordinate initiatives and neither does it entertain suggestions from the stakeholders. A number of studies have suggested that authoritarian leadership has been successful since it gives a strong motivation to the leader to make decisions they know will go unchallenged (Candy, 2016). This, therefore, makes it easy for quick decision making because only one person makes decisions for the whole organization and keeps the decision to them until they feel they need to share the information. It has often been argued that the authoritarian leadership style is long gone.
However, it is important to remember that each of the leadership styles has its strengths and weaknesses and in most cases, the styles are used where the situation calls upon them. The authoritarian type of leadership is usually used in a scenario where the task at hand is urgent and requires to be dealt with at the shortest time possible especially where it is little or no time for one think over what to do or even plan what to do (Candy, 2016).
The other scenario is when the skills needed to perform a certain task are in short supply and the people available need to be guided through a clear structure. The style can also be employed where the task at hand is so sensitive such that the remotest margin of error is expected. Participative or democratic leadership style The democratic type of leadership is a leadership style where the leader shares his or her decision-making abilities with their subordinates by promoting the organizational interest and at the same time practicing social equality.
A democratic type of leadership is currently the most preferred leadership style, especially in cases where decision making is shared and the team is taken into consideration and highly contributes to the attainment of organizational vision and objectives. The leadership style is most suitable where the subordinates are more than willing to participate in decision making where their ideas are captured and implemented for the good of the organization (Miller and Miller, no date).
Candy, L 2016, Authoritarian leadership: Why and when to use it. Available at: http://www.educational-business-articles.com/authoritarian-leadership/ (Accessed: 3 September 2016).
Cherry, K 2016, How does Laissez-Faire leadership work? Available at: https://www.verywell.com/what-is-laissez-faire-leadership-2795316 (Accessed: 3 September 2016).
Apex Leadership Ltd 2013, Types of leadership - a leadership style for every situation. Available at: http://www.defining-leadership.com/types-of-leadership/ (Accessed: 3 September 2016).
Leadership-Central 2010, Hersey-Blanchard Situational leadership theory. Available at: http://www.leadership-central.com/situational-leadership-theory.html#axzz4JCMNYDgL (Accessed: 3 September 2016).
Michael, A.A.D. and Adeniyi, M.A. 2007, Effective leadership management: An integration of styles, skills & character for today’s CEOs. Bloomington, IN: AuthorHouse.
Miller, R.W. and Miller, J.P. no date, Leadership styles for success in collaborative work. Available at: http://cdn2.hubspot.net/hubfs/316071/Tamarack_New_Website/success_in_collaborative_work.pdf?t=1468538685366 (Accessed: 3 September 2016).
Schmid, H. 2006, ‘Leadership styles and leadership change in human and community service organizations’, Nonprofit Management and Leadership, 17(2), pp. 179–194. doi: 10.1002/nml.142.
Van Vliet, V. 2015, Situational leadership by Hersey and Blanchard. Available at: http://www.toolshero.com/leadership/situational-leadership-hersey-blanchard/ (Accessed: 3 September 2016).