The paper “ Trends in Management, Organization, and Strategy ” is a potent example of a literature review on management. The study of organizational management to date has been made possible through a series of progressive steps and stages since the late 19th century. There have been different schools of management thought which were theoretical in their frameworks that worked to come up with workable organizational management strategies. Each school or management thought based its arguments on different assumptions with regard to human beings and for firms that they worked (Griffin, 2003).
Scholars and other practitioners working in different management fields and in different eras have continuously worked hard focusing on what they believed to be important good management practices. Human beings have come a long way through evolution; organization management like human beings has made tremendous strides since it was discovered in the late 19th century (Griffin, 2003). The management strategy development was significantly witnessed in the 20th century from classical theory to the Japanese management approach. This paper discusses trends and approaches to organization and management strategy since the beginning of the 2nd century.
In order to have a better understanding, different schools of management thought including the classical school, the behavioral school, management science school, systems school, and contingency school. Finally, the paper will also describe the Japanese Management theory. Classical School of Management (the 1890s – 1940s)The need for efficient management practices was evident in the early 20th century. The classical school of management discovered this need and developed theories and models that could improve effectiveness organization’ s management. For instance, they were not only focused on developing a comprehensive management theory, but they also worked to improve tools and techniques that managers needed in order to deal with organizational challenges (Robinson & Coulter, 1999).
Daft, R. L. 2005.. Management. 7th ed. Australia: Thomson/South-Western,
Griffin, R. W. 2003. Management. 8th ed. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.
Henri. F. 1949. General and Industrial Administration. London: Sir Issac Pitman & Sons, Ltd.
Lewis, P. S., Goodman, S H. and. Fandt P. M. 1998. Management. 2nd ed. Cincinnati: South-Western College Publishing,
Locke, E.A. "1982.The Ideas of Frederick W. Taylor: An Evaluation." Academy of Management Review 7, no. 1: 14–24.
O'Connor, E. S. 1999. The Politics of Management Thought: A Case Study of the Harvard Business School and the Human Relations School. Academy of Management Review vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 117–131.
Ouchi, W. G. 1984. The M-Form Society. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company.
Robbins, S. P., and Coulter, M. 1999. Management, 6th Ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Senge, P. 1990. The Fifth Discipline: The Art and Practice of Learning Organizations. New York: Doubleday/Currency.
Warner, M. 1994. Organizational Behavior Revisited. Human Relations, vol. 47, no. 10, pp. 1151–1164.
Wren, D. 1987. The Evolution of Management Thought, 3rd Ed. New York: John Wiley and Sons.