Essays on Appropriateness of Applying Scientific Management Coursework

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The paper 'Appropriateness of Applying Scientific Management " is a good example of management coursework.   Management can be defined as all those things which are done in the pursuit of attaining the organization's goals; it is also about the efficiency and effectiveness of organizations. It involves the coordination and Organization of strategies and activities in a particular company or enterprise to be in accordance to the certain laid organization's policies all this done with the main aim of achievement of well-defined goals and objectives. Often management usually involves such factors as production which goes along with resources utilization such as money, machinery and materials. This paper is going to justify why scientific management principles are much appropriate in a knowledge-based economy and also the likely effects of it to the establishment of a learning organization.

The analysis will start by giving a brief overview of the background of scientific management. This section will also look at the brief history of scientific management considering the necessary effects which are the focus of this article. The second section is going to look at the changes and the process of business in the past years.

Thirdly the paper will address the challenges that face managers as they put into use the scientific management today, and lastly, the paper will focus on how these managers can be able to inculcate and adapt to the scientific management principles of the modern business management. At the very end, it will be a conclusion which will look at the main points that will have been discussing in this paper. In the dawn of the twentieth century, people started to become involved in ‘ project management’ ; earlier than that any endeavor in this field was regarded as roles which are played by engineers, nation-building agencies and so on, and those personalities who got involved in it were highly regarded (Weaver, 2007).

One thing to note when we talk about project management is that it is a discipline which revolves around the theme of integration of processes and balancing of the ‘ iron triangle’ of time, output and cost. As this core aspect of project management steadily become extended to take up aspects such as quality, risk, communication and other elements the main objective of project management still remains the successful completion of a given project to the best of the project’ s stakeholders satisfaction.

The evolution of cost control and scope which are facets of management into the precise processes happened before the industrial revolution of the eighteenth century (Weaver, 2007). However, while the achievement of the meeting of deadlines has always remained an important factor, the management of time always lacked effective measuring criteria and control processes until recent years. The most outstanding project, which blended science to the aspect of time control process in management, was realized by Walker and Kelley who developed the (CPM) Critical Path Method for a company, known as E. I.

du Pont de Nemours. The initiation of approval for funding of this project took place in Newark Delaware on the seventh of May in the year 1957 and as most historians say the rest that took place in history (Weaver, 2007). After a few years later in the year 1969, Barnes first made a good description of the management ‘ iron triangle’ of cost, time, and output in a training course he come up with dubbed ‘ money and Time in Contract Control’ (Weaver, 2007).

Bibliography

Katherine, V. and Wezel, S. 2004. From widgets to digits employment regulation for the changing workplace, Cambridge University Press, UK.

Loveridge, D. 2008. The art and science of anticipating the future. Taylor and Francis group, USA.

Miner, J.B. 2006.Organizational behavior: historical origins, theoretical foundations, and the future. S.l.: M.E. Sharpe.

Morgan, G. 2003. Images of organization, Berrett-Koehler publication, San Francisco.

Warham, J. 2007. An introduction to administration for social workers, Routledge, USA.

Waring, S.P. 1945.Taylorism transformed: scientific management theory since 1945, University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill.

Weaver, P. 2007. The origins of modern project management, Practical PM Pty, USA.

Winslow, F.T. 1997. The principles of scientific management, Dover publications, New York City.

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