The paper "Diversity Management at Arab National Bank" is an outstanding example of a management literature review. The methodological framework is equal to a strategy through which the researcher conducts research (Schutt, 2011). Ideally, the methodological framework provides details about philosophies, assumptions (if any), and the methods and choices made in data collection and analysis. The methodological framework below emphasizes the overall approach that this research takes. It also indicates the research methods, techniques, and procedures used in the collection and analysis of data relating to ANB. Research Philosophy Research philosophies constitute the topmost layer of the research onion as conceptualised by Saunders, Lewis, and Thornhill (2009).
A researcher can choose among four research philosophies namely pragmatism, interpretivism, realism, and positivism. According to Collins (2010), the research philosophy that a researcher uses means that they “ accept certain assumptions” about the way they view the world. Those assumptions form the basis through which the researcher launches their research strategy. Collins (2010) argues that a researcher’ s practical considerations, style of working, and beliefs inform their choice of philosophy. In this research, the interpretivism philosophy was chosen for use.
According to Rubin and Rubin (2012), the interpretivism philosophy understands that “ people look at matters through distinct lenses and reach somewhat different conclusions” (p. 19). The interpretivism philosophy rejects the objectivist concept, which indicates that meaning is found in the world independent of consciousness. One of the reasons why the interpretivism philosophy was chosen is because it enables the researcher to appreciate that “ the social world is culturally derived and historically situated” (Blaxter, Hughes & Tight, 2006, p. 60). The foregoing would mean that the historical culture of Saudi Arabia has an effect on how diversity management is handled at ANB.
The interpretive philosophy was also chosen because it enabled the researcher to carry out some in-depth investigations. Personal beliefs by the researcher also played a role in the selection of the interpretivism philosophy since the researcher believes that research has the ability to discover why people do the things they do.
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