Essays on Modern Working Life Is Said to Be Very Stressful Coursework

Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing

The paper "Modern Working Life Is Said to Be Very Stressful" is a perfect example of business coursework.   The modern life has brought with it a lot of changes and challenges, whereby some of these are the rising cases of stress-related issues and problems that end up affecting the life and livelihood of most people. While in some aspect stress could offer some positive effects, the impact of stress in most cases is usually negative and it is increasingly becoming harder to establish just the right amount of stress on any individual (Hellriegel and Slocum 2010).

Larger cases of stress effects are reportedly experienced at the workplace since this is where most time is spent during the day by the majority of the working population all over the world. However, stress issues vary with different working environments, bosses or superiors, demands, colleagues, targets as well as expectations. On the other hand, different individuals will react to stress in different ways depending on personality or levels of resilience (Cooper et al 2001). The objective of this article is to highlight the effects and outcomes of stress on an individual and the organization and the best ways to manage it. What is stress? Stressors can be categorized into two, those that arise from within (internal), and those that are as a result of the surroundings (external).

This response or reaction could either be positive or negative. On one’ s ability to cope or deal with stress, Michael Neenan (2009) writes that “ a person's susceptibility to stress can be affected by varying factors, meaning that everyone has a different tolerance to stressors” . Stress is usually subjective on many levels, as are the ways to combat it.

A person’ s ability to deal with stress depends on perception, competence, social, family, organization’ s support as well as attitude. According to Hellriegel and Slocum (2010), stress occurs when a certain environment is sensed or identified as presenting demand that exceeds a person’ s resources or capabilities. Therefore, the level of stress on an individual depends on the levels of resilience or ability to cope or deal with it (Cooper et al 2001). According to Arnold and Feldman (1986) stress is “ the reactions of individuals to new or threatening factors in their work environment” .

Change in the workplace, especially one that would jeopardize or threaten one’ s job’ s security or contentment could also be a potential cause for stress and since change is inevitable in today’ s competitive world, stress-related issues in the workplaces are becoming more and more rampant and common. Williams and Huber (1986) give another meaning of stress as "a psychological and physical reaction to prolonged internal and/or environmental conditions in which an individual's adaptive capabilities are overextended. " (p. 243). According to their definition, stress can also result from exhaustive situations over a prolonged period of time.

This definition also suggests that an individuals’ overall perception of a circumstance or a situation will determine the amount of stress acquired or produced (Williams & Huber 1986).


Albrecht, K., 1979, Stress and the Manager, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ.

Arnold, J. & Feldman, A., 1986, Organizational Behavior, McGraw Hill, New York.

Cooper, C.., Dewe, P., O’Driscoll, M., 2001, Organisational stress, London: Sage Publications.

Cox, T., Stavroula, L. &Amanda, G. 2004, Protecting Workers Health Series, World Health Organization, Geneva Switerland.

Hellriegel, D. & Slocum, J., 2010, Organizational Behavior, South Western College Publishers, Dallas, Texas.

Henriette, K., 2005, Write It Down, Make It Happen, Simon & Schuster, New York.

Lawless, P., 1991, Employee Burnout: America's Newest Epidemic. Northwestern National Life Employee Benefits Division, Minneapolis.

Neenan, M., 2009, Developing Resilience: A Cognitive-Behavioural, Approach Lafayette, Real People Press, California.

Palmer, S., Cooper, C., Thomas, K.., 2003, Creating a balance: managing stress, London, British Library.

Palmer, S., Cooper, C., Thomas, K., 2004, Revised model of organisational stress for use within stress prevention/management and wellbeing programmes – brief update, International Journal of Health Promotion and Education, 41(2), 57-58.

Rees, D. & Cooper, L., 1992, Occupational stress in health service workers in the UK, Stress Medicine, 89(2), 79-90.

Sparks, K., Cooper, C., Fried, Y. & Shirom, A., 1997, The effects of hours of work on health, Journal of Occupation and Organizational Psychology, 70 (3), 391-408.

Williams, C. & Huber, P., 1986, Human Behavior in Organizations, South-Western Publishing, Cincinnati, OH.

Woods, S., West, M. & Michael, A., 2010, The Psychology of Work and Organizations, Cengage Learning, London.


Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
Contact Us