The paper "New Training Approaches in American Fire Services" Is a great example of a Management Case Study. In this dynamic world where nothing remains constant for a long time, even the practices applied for the fire safety and protection services has undergone a rapid transformation incorporating new approaches and methods for fire services used in America. As the old machinery is replaced by the new enhanced technology, simultaneously changes in training always follow. This case study deals with the trends of the past decades in the fire services training programs in America and the current corresponding changes in the technology and other aspects of training.
The utmost focus towards the changing trends was on becoming an all-risk, and all-hazard (Linstrom, 2006) rejoinder body working for the community welfare and safety. TRENDS OF THE PAST DECADES The training trends since the past decades have observed a remarkable change in the approaches applied to train. In the 1950s, the most common fire training methods were the Civil Defense training which imparted the basic knowledge and skills required by a firefighter such as rope use, knots, ladders, hose streams drill workshops, followed by on-the-job training in the further sessions.
1950’ s however failed to incorporate modern techniques into their training approach. The emergence of a two-way radio technology, establishment of the training colleges marked a beginning for the coming year’ s development and growth. The 1960s went through a visible revolutionized approach in standardization for the fire training service programs. Special CPR training for non-physicians was embraced by the American Heart Association and American Red Cross organizations (Linstrom, 2006). In 1970s major focus was laid on the Snorkels, fire prevention, and the appropriate fire department planning for the future. 1980’ s centered on the rescue operations and the instructional methodology required for the spreading of the awareness operations, technician, and scene commander levels training for ‘ hazmat’ .
Many of the worst fire incidents occurred in 1980’ s and 90 are especially in the factory buildings. In the 1990’ s the center of attraction was the Firefighter Combat Challenge program. However, the new millennium marked the most tragic event of history, the World trade center demolishment on Sep 11, 2001. This day had changed the whole focal point diverging itself to the need for infrastructural protection, training, and exercise, disaster management approach aiming to achieve proper management between the local, and state movements.
This era noticed an apparent change in the approach when the National Incident Management System training was established. NEED FOR CHANGE The fatal fire accidents of Texas fire, fire in the Our Lady of the angel’ s school, Happy Land Social Club, Bronx led to the formation of The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA). The past 50 decades have seen a significant change in the role of the fire services worldwide but to talk about America, Sep 11, 2001, has spouted out the need for a rapid change in the approach for the training.
Earlier the training comprised of the use of equipment and techniques to fight with fires on remote and barren lands but today the need to combat fires includes training on using hazardous materials, urban, water and confined space rescue, rope rescue, cardiopulmonary rescue, etc. There has been a distinct change not only in the use of apparatus and techniques but also in the role of the personnel department A firefighter is not merely a go-getter but now being groomed into a refined person who is skilled in industrial techniques or applying knowledge into a practical confrontation with the disaster.
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