The purpose of the OHS Act is to provide safety, health and welfare of workers and all persons lawfully present at workplaces. According to the ACT, Employees, workers and everyone in the work place has responsibilities (Section 3.10) Every employee at the workplace shall ensure there is protection of his own safety and health and that of other people who may be affected by his or her actions or lapse at the workplace. He or she must cooperative with the employer or a person in charge of any duty imposed by this OHS Act or regulation made here.
Every employee should wear protective clothing and use protective equipment to prevent to his health and safety. All employees must also adhere to health and safety procedures, instructions and requirements by the person in charge, for his own safety. Any situation an employee believes would bring a hazard and is not in a position to protect it should be reported to the supervisor. Any injury or accident occurring in connection to the employee’s work should be reported to the supervisor. An employee should ensure that he is cooperative to any requirement or duty imposed on his employer to ensure it is performed.
An employee who breaks the provisions of the OHS Act commits an offence and can be convicted to a heavy fine or serve jail terms (Section 13.17). According to the OHS Act, an occupier ‘is the person in actual occupation of a workplace, whether as the owner or not and includes an employer’ (Section 6.12). Every occupier shall that ensure that all people working in his workplace have safety, health and welfare.
Occupiers should provide and maintain systems and procedures of work that are safe and supporting health. They should also ensure that there is absence of health risks connected to the use, handling and storage of articles and substances transportation. Information, instructions, training and supervision of health and safety should be provided to all employees at work. Occupiers in control should provide maintenance at the workplace in a safe and no health risks condition. They should also provide and maintain a safe environment that is without health risks and facilities for the welfare of employees.
Occupiers should also inform all new employees of risks and dangers that may be brought by the new technologies to ensure participation in the application and reviewing of health and safety measures. Occupiers should carry out risk assessments on safety and health of employees, and use the results to develop preventive and protective measures to ensure that when using chemicals, equipment, chemicals, tools and machinery as well as processes there will be safety and risk free health as complied to the OHS Act requirements. The risk assessment report shall be sent to the area Occupational Safety and Health Officer by the occupier.
Immediate steps shall also be undertaken to stop any activity that is dangerous to the safety and health of employees. Every occupier also has a duty to register his place of work unless exempted from registration under OHS Act. Every occupier is expected to comply with a duty imposed on him under this act where failure to do so is committing an offence and shall be liable to a fine or imprisonment (Section 6:13).