Organizational DesignIntroductionThe rationale behind the growing need for effectiveness in the formulation and implementation of organizational design is in the fast growth in organizations today. The pace of this growth has even taken a higher notch with the effects of technology, globalization and information technology, which has made the concept of organizational design, gets more and more complex. This is because the size of an organization will reflect the demands of the organization, in terms of work structures, division of work, and the work processes. Organizational design is very important in the determination of an organizational success.
The paper outlines a number of elements of job design that are essential to an organization. Issues such as, departmentalization, work specialization, chain of command, traditional verses contemporary job designs among others are addressed. Journal 1:Allen P. M 2001, A Complex Systems Approach, ‘A journal on innovation management in job design’, 5, p. 148-149.The journal outlines the essence of application of proper organization design in modern organizations. It advances that organizational design is engaged often, when the managers have to develop or perform some changes in the structure of the organization.
It is an important aspect in an organization that designates many of the structures and processes within a particular organization. It plays a factor in shaping the culture of the organization, so as to facilitate the organization to meet its goals and objectives (Allen, 2001, p. 148-149). The Journal further advances that to effect effective change management, it is important to put consideration to organizational design; for it supports the company’s strategy for success. Due to the fast growth in organizations, the concept of organizational design gets more and more complex.
This is because the size of an organization will reflect demands of the organization, in terms of work structures, division of work, and work processes. The bigger the organization, the more complex will be the organizational design. Organizational design is very important, in the determination of an organizational success. One of the essential strategies of a company in development of a strategy of a company, in order to achieve its goals is through, the creation of a dynamic organizational design that will fit the company’s purpose, culture and processes.
It is essential to note that to achieve organizational effectiveness, it is important to match the form of the organization, to the purpose that the organization seeks to achieve. The company should ensure that organizational design they set, will work for them and not against their set objectives. In order to create an effective organizational design, there’s need for selection of the right job design. Jourrnal 2: Mabey, C & Storey, J 2001, Organization Structuring and Restructuring (2nd ed. ), A journal on understanding business organization’, 4(3), p.
90-96.The journal advances that an organization design, is a crucial aspect to the growth of an organization. It advances that the type of organizational design is much needed in the implementation of organizational change, which is inevitable in today’s growing business. Most organizations would want to increase their target markets through, investing in newer target markets both locally and internationally. This always would call in for human resource managers to adjust the organizational design, that will fit to the new demands that comes with increased workforce (Mabey & Storey 2001, p. 90-96).
The paper looks particularly at work specialization as an important tool of job design that increases effectiveness in the work processes of an organization. Work specialization involves the action of the organization to divide the tasks at work to different categories. It involves splitting of work to simpler portions that would increase effectiveness in task performance. The author emphasizes on the need for the job design to give serious considerations, while dividing employees to their different areas of specialty. The author suggests that there is need to assign responsibilities to individuals, based on their trained skills, competence and preference for the task.
Employees are too said to be effective, if given responsibilities that they feel they are competent in. The journal also outlines the need for harmony in different specialties of sections that would be created in developing work specialization. The main idea of this organizational design is that an entire job is not done by one individual, but instead needs specialized skills from various parts that make the organization. The journal emphasizes that the entire philosophy of organization, depends on the concept of specialization and division of work.
This specialization is done through; orientation towards goals, composition of individuals and groups, differentiated functions and specialized according to continuous process.