The paper ' Organizational Behavior' is a great example of a Management Case Study. Management of projects has become a complex task in today’ s world. Therefore, dynamic groups and teams are considered a fundamental component of a project’ s success. An effective team depends on the competence of the project leader in managing its members as well as ensuring that all aspects of the project are fairly handled by each member. For software development, as a project leader, it is essential to develop a set of proven guidelines that will be effective in ensuring that the expected requirements of the project are successfully delivered.
The development and management of an effective team require project leaders or managers to create an atmosphere of cooperative as well as efficient team culture (Highsmith 2002). The study focuses on how a professional project manager in software development will build up and motivate a team of people with diversified skills, for instance, system specification analysts, database administrators, programmers, web developers for effective and efficient completion as well as a deliverable of the software project requirements. Determining where to obtain requisite staff, identifying each team member’ s roles and responsibilities, how they should communicate with one another and develop the necessary rapport, resolve conflicts as well as monitor the performance levels are considered as the key to ensuring the effectiveness of the software team. Steps to develop an effective team for a software development project Understanding the interpersonal dynamics within teams enables project managers to identify the optimal organization of individuals to ensure an effective team and improved performance.
This implies that when individuals work as a team towards achieving a common goal, distinctive interpersonal dynamics are essential for a project.
Team-building should be a continuous task to be implemented by the manager in charge of the project. As a software project leader, it will be important to observe and evaluate some critical factors in order to determine whether or not the team working on the new software will demonstrate effective performance. Cohesiveness is one of the critical factors to be observed. Team cohesion is essential because it determines the level at which member relationship is developed, giving an opportunity to all members to trust, respect and appreciate each other’ s abilities and ideas (Beal & McLendon 2003). As a project leader, it will be critical to determine whether or not the team members equally contribute to their group discussions and the tasks assigned rather than simply creating cliques of cohesive units.
It is important to note that a cohesive, efficient, and productive team whose members feel comfortable in their duties and work in collaboration demonstrates how effective the project manager is in executing his or her tasks. In order to foster cohesiveness throughout the software project, it will be important as a project leader to ensure that all team members perform their duties cooperatively.
This will involve the sharing of the common goals and resources required to achieve them. It is common for team members to disagree, but how the project leader takes the responsibility to resolve the conflicts as they occur is a subject that calls for special attention. At the time of assigning tasks to team members, the project leader will have to consider the skills and interests of each member, for instance, whether the member is good at programming, system analysis, system requirements analysis, web development, or database administration.
This will help to avoid letting the team members to be dominated by verbal, aggressive, and popular personalities (Plowman 2010).
Beal, D & McLendon, C. L., (2003) Cohesion and performance in groups: A meta-analytic clarification of construct relations. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88, 989–1004.
DeMarco, T & Tim, L., (1999) Peopleware; Productive Projects and Teams, 2nd ed. New York: Dorsett House.
Highsmith, J., (2002) Agile Software Development Ecosystems, Addison Wesley.
Lawrence, H., (1999) Managing Teams, McGraw-Hill NY.
Neil B. H., (1996) Organizational Patterns for Teams, Pattern Languages of Program Design 2, pp. 345-352, Addison-Wesley Publishing Company.
Plowman, N., (2010) Seven Factors of Effective Team Development and Performance. McGraw-Hill.
Thomas, K.W., (2003) Intrinsic Motivation at Work: Building Energy & Commitment, Berrett Koehler.