The paper “ Organizational Behaviour in the Context of Herzberg's Theory of Motivation, Adam's Equity Theory, and Attribution Theory” is an intriguing example of the assignment on human resources. Motivation plays an important role in the workplace as it determines to a large extent the attitude with which an employee perceives work. It is upon the employer to ensure that their employees have a positive mental attitude while executing the various duties allocated to them because this is the basis of productivity and desirable quality. This attitude is reinforced by the deliberate efforts by the management to motivate employees.
In this regard, the motivation given to employees is what distinguishes excellent enterprises from average and below-average enterprises. Maslow's hierarchy of needs outlines the needs and wants that are universally experienced by everyone from every corner of the world (Udechukwu, 69-82). These needs range from the ones that are required for survival to those that are not necessarily vital for one's survival. The need to satisfy the various needs as outlined in the hierarchy is what motivates one to work hard. Herzberg's theory of motivation gives a two-way approach to the issue of motivation in the workplace.
Employees are not only motivated by the urge to meet the needs of their lives. The presence or absence of certain factors that are considered unpleasant by the employees could come in the way for the administration as far as motivation is concerned. The hygiene factors comprise the general work environment in the workplace. It could be the relationship among the employees or their relationship with the administration. Additionally, these factors form the attitude of the employees towards work.
Consequently, in order for motivation to be effected, the environment should be one that fosters favourable working environments such as clear communication channels, which would assure employees that their grievances, if any, get to the right authorities. The absence of these factors causes job dissatisfaction and consequently under-motivated employees (Udechukwu, 73-75).
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Udechukwu, Ikwukananne I., D.B.A. "Correctional Officer Turnover: Of Maslow's Needs Hierarchy and Herzberg's Motivation Theory." Public Personnel Management 38.2 (2009): 69-82.