IntroductionThe U. S currently holds a paradoxical position in international affairs largely because of its foreign policies on various issues such as security, business, climate, human rights, freedom, conflicts and health. Although the United States is considered and actually is a lone superpower, research has shown that the same factors that helped create this behemoth have limited its ability to influence the world through its foreign policies. This paper will therefore examine the key issues in the contemporary U. S foreign policy and with reference to the lines between domestic and international polices developed and formulated by the U. S for addressing social, economic and political issues across the globe.
It will specifically look into the concerns that have come up regarding the increase in the magnitude of security problems, the increase in the number of actors wishing to join the drafting of foreign polices in the country and the public outcry on the implications of the blurred foreign policy on U. S citizens. This will paper will look at views from political analysts and authors of political science resources and critically analyze them with reference to the key contemporary issues in the U. S foreign policy.
Many political analysts have compartmentalized the key issues in the contemporary U. S foreign policy into certain equations in the balance of power that distinguishes power political and cultural interrelations with economic structure of the U. S. Although the U. S has proved to be a military superpower that can never be matched, it has recently received harsh economic challenge from countries such as Japan, China, India, Russia and the European Union. The following key issues are considered to be the main shapers that underline the capabilities of the contemporary U. S foreign policy issues (Ole, 1989).
In summary, they are; the intervention policies that include polices and actions on Bosnia, Iraq, Somalia, Sudan and Afghanistan; U.S national security and defence policies that include policy on North Korea nuclear program; trade polices in the U. S that include the Steel import tariffs, Cuba policy and Sino-American trade affairs; and finally the multilateral policy that include; the Kyoto protocol, international criminal court, IMF reforms, Rights of detainees especially at the Guantanamo etc.
This economic challenge has given the U. S government a rough terrain that has forced it to device some unfriendly foreign policies that shape the international political system today. With the introduction of non-state elements that are modelled along power geopolitical lines, contemporary issues have come up such as terrorism, business laws, crime, humanitarianism ands other issues that are shifting the state-centric aspects of world politics towards a multipolar system. The first issue that the U. S foreign policy has strictly affected is the world security and more specifically the American security.
Since the 9/11 attack, a security dilemma has been created that centre around resurgent great power from the U. S in terms of fighting terrorism. Terrorism has been fought under all quarters by the United States especially through immigration polices, increase funding for security programs and military action. Just at the beginning of this year, the United States launched an attack on Somalia in which suspected terrorists were flushed out and taken to Guantanamo. This process was widely criticized as harsh and inflicted serious harm to the Somali people (Michael, 2002)