Essays on Principles of Employment Relationship Coursework

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The paper "Principles of Employment Relationship" is a perfect example of business coursework.   Industrial relations are the systems that produce the rules of the workplace. Such rules are the product for the interaction between three key “ actors” – unions/workers, employers and associated organizations and government. The trends in labor market have been remarkable. Labor force and employment changes have occurred within the industries. This, however, was very uneven between industries. Agriculture and manufacturing labor force continued to decline while the services industries surged. Indeed, the number of employed persons more than doubled in some industries: including property and business services; accommodation, restaurants and cafes; cultural and entertaining services; and healthiness and community services (ABS Labour Force, Australia, 2010). According to Dunlop, labor market trends are external to the employment relationship.

In his work on Industrial relations, he identifies three key factors to be considered in conducting an analysis of the management-labour relationship. These are; The environmental or external economic, technological, political, legal and social forces that affect employment relationships. Characteristics and the interaction of key actors in the employment association: work, management, and government. The rules derived from the interactions that govern the employment relationship. The employment sector of Australia is among good employment sectors in the world.

This is due to its capability to absorb a greater portion of the population into it and the good employment reforms it has implemented. In 2008, with a population of 21 million citizens and a GDP of over US$1 trillion, the sector had around 94$ employment level. The sectors have undergone various changes. Changes in the employment sector in Australia have been largely driven by both the internal factors in Australia and the international forces.

Workers and the government have been pushing for the various changes realized in the employment sector. International forces of the financial crisis, globalization and the free trade system advocated by the World Bank as also caused the changes. The diverse changes in the work relations can be deliberate in the following phases. PERIOD: 1970’ S The 1970s was one of the darkest periods economically in majority countries of the world. In this period, there was an economic crisis that destroyed achievements that achieved over a long period. Economic depressions occurred in Australia, which meant that companies and industries had to reduce their labor force to cope with the market conditions.

The unemployment rate in Australia during this period rose to 6.3%. Economic downturns meant that employers did not realize enough profits to pay all their current employees and hence their best option available at their disposal was downsizing. 1970’ s so the emergence of informal direct bargains. The powers of the federal government were limited over industrial relation. Since there existed no laws that govern bargaining workers and employees started new means of reaching agreements through the introduction of this informal means of negotiations.

These made workers agitate for fairer working conditions and sufficient wages. This period also saw a high introduction of new machinery and computerization of various means of production and service delivery. Over-reliance in the capital-intensive means of production further worsened the availability of employment given the fact that machinery and technological advancements reduced the required number of workers is a means of cost reduction.

Reference

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Gardner, G. P. (1997). The Employment Relationship. london: Macmillan Education AU.

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Lansbury, R. D. (2000). Workplace change and employment relations reform in Australia. Sydney: university of Sydney.

Marilyn Jane Pittard, P. W. (2007). Public Sector Employment in the Twenty-first Century. Canberra: ANU E Press.

Peter Ackers, A. W. (2003). Understanding work and employment: industrial relations in transition. oxford: Oxford University Press.

Richard S, J. B. (2009). industrial relations in australia. NSW: Pearson Education australia.

Statistics, A. B. (2007). Year Book, Australia, Issue 89. canberra: Aust. Bureau of Statistics.

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