The paper 'Risk Assessment Using Different Assessment Methods" is a good example of a management case study. The safety requirements in the United Kingdom must be demonstrated through the installation of a safety management system, identification of all major hazards and associated risks, and reduction of those risks at an acceptable level. Moreover, the most important technique that is considered to identify major hazards is quantitative risk assessment and those that are available to show that risks have been reduced. For instance, although regulations do not specify the risk assessment methodologies, it requires specific actions in preventing or controlling exposure, monitoring, health surveillance, and providing instruction and training.
For this reason, the following sections include a risk assessment using different assessment methods, comparisons and evaluation of the effectiveness of each method, and reflection on the most appropriate method for fire risk assessment. These include methodologies such as SWOT, TICKLIST, FMEA, RISK RANKING, FAULT TREE, COST-BENEFIT ANALYSIS, AND CCA or Common Cause Analysis. Sample Building for Assessment The subject of this risk assessment is a small school building with 10 classrooms. The school consists of 6 teachers, a principal, 2 utility personnel, a librarian, and 2 security personnel.
There are around 300 students on regular school days. Figure 1- Sample School Building Ticklist Assessment Method Using the Ticklist form, this assignment conducted hazards identification, evaluation of fire safety procedures, people vulnerable to hazards found, and mitigation necessary to reduce risks. Table 1 – Ticklist Part One No. List Findings 1 System for controlling combustible materials and flammable liquids There is a documented system for controlling these materials. 2 System operation None 3 Safe storage for combustible materials and flammable liquids There is small storage outside the building (not shown in the plan) 4 Heater guards and location of heater The heater located away from combustible materials and with heater guards 5 Portable electrical equipment inspection and fuses Fuses installed inspected and in proper specifications.
There is an existing document indicating the date of replacement and other maintenance details. 6 Electrical wiring inspection Regularly inspected by a contractor 7 Extension leads and multi-point adapter Not often used 8 Flexes location Located in a secured location 9 Furniture upholstery In good condition 10 Rubbish and combustible waste materials Mostly paper and classroom materials 11 The smoking area with an adequate ashtray No smoking 12 Measures against arson Security check at entrance / random inspection 13 Measures to prevent smoke and flames spread Fire-rated doors and walls Part Two No. List Findings 14 Sufficient number of exits and width for the number of occupants Four possible fire exits 15 Exits leading to a place of safety All four exits leading to open area 16 Obstructions on escape routes and gangways Free of obstruction 17 Tripping and Slipping Hazards in Escape Route Non-slip tiles installed 18 Steps and stairs Stairs not in use/upper floor not in use 19 Final exit Unlocked on school days 20 Devices securing final exit No key required from inside 21 Internal Fire Doors Labelled with the automatic closer 22 Self closers on Fire Doors Tested and in good working order 23 Door opening direction Directed to the final exit 24 Signs in Escape Routes Adequate signage installed 25 Lighting in Escape Routes Available and incorrect location 26 Evacuation plan for assisting disabled staff and visitors There is a documented evacuation plan Part Three No. List Findings 27 Procedures and Practices for Use of Combustible Materials and Processes that use and produce heat Document procedures and practices 28 Consideration of cost-effective measures in preventing arson Random inspection/proposal for CCTV and sprinkler 29 Staff Training in terms of fire safety Regular drills / Knowledge of portable extinguishers use/ alarm/ notification/ 30 Advice from insurer regarding fire safety Received by the school administrator Part Four No. List Findings 31 Escape lighting order and maintenance Service contractor / in good condition 32 Fire alarm condition Service contractor / in good condition 33 Fire alarm testing Service contractor / in good condition 34 Fire alarm raising safety No problem observed 35 Fire Alarm Call Points Visibility and Location Visible / No obstruction 36 Number of Fire Extinguishers 14 units in a different location 37 Fire Extinguisher and Fire Blankets Condition and Location Accessible near administrator office 38 Fire Extinguisher Servicing Annually by the service contractor 39 Fire Fighting Installation and Automatic Fire Detection System No Smoke detector Part Five No. List Findings 40 Recording Findings of Fire Risk Assessment Available with the school administrator 41 Informing staff or representatives about the findings of Risk Assessment Posted near the main entrance and admin office 42 Preparation of Formal Report Admin and key personnel 43 Informing others about the risk identified Posted near the main entrance and all classrooms 44 Informing the building owner about the findings of a fire risk assessment Owner actively participating in fire risk assessment 45 Display of Fire Action Notices Available in all classrooms 46 Existence of Emergency Plan Plan for both major and minor fire incident 47 Safekeeping of Emergency Plan School Administrator Office
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