The paper “ Equal Employment Opportunity in the USA and the Republic of China” is a perfect example of the case study on human resources. Equal employment is a vital aspect of every organisation that yearns to optimize its operations. According to the human resource criteria, employees are the best asset a company can ever have. Based on this allusion, it, therefore, goes without saying that for these employees to give their very best, there is supposed to be a fertile ground devoid of any discriminative treatments. According to the ILO (2007), discrimination bars people from occupation denies them jobs altogether or doesn’ t reward their merit because of skin colour, sex or social background.
These combined give rise to social-economic disadvantages making the world increasingly unequal, insecure and unsafe. As a follow-up to the ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work, the EEOC was implemented as an external forum to foster the rights of employees. As a case study herein we look at the USA and The Peoples Republic of China (P. R.C. ), key towering economies that we shall study as a case study herein. Definitions and Theoretical IssuesDiscrimination means biased treatment or any distinction exclusion or preference made on the basis of gender, height, sex, political opinion, national extraction, socio origin, ethnicity, colour and religious background among others which have the effect of nullifying or impairing equality of opportunity (Cooke 2003).
On the other hand, Shaffer et al (2000) describe employment discrimination as simply the inability of the personnel involved to manage diversity. According to Shaffer et al (2000), sexual harassment refers to a scenario wherein a lady is compelled or forced to have sex with a man in order to have some requirements put in place, say, get a job. Equal employment opportunity (EEO) is a term that can be used interchangeably with Equality principle, meritocratic principle, reverse discrimination and so forth.
E. E.O. means the provision of equal opportunity for employment to all persons regardless of their colour, height, gender, religion etc. there exists assorted forms of employment discrimination in both state-owned organisation and the private sector. It was as a result of this that in 1964 the launch of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) was unavoidable.
EEOC seeks to protect the employees from a discriminative employer.
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