The paper "Dunlop’ s Model on Key Elements of Employment Relations - Jordan" is a good example of a management case study. The Jordan Investment Board was found in 1995 and is Jordan’ s investment promotion agency. The body was assigned the duty of not only acquiring but also providing professional consulting services to domestic and foreign investors. Qualifying Industrial Zones (IQZ) are industrial parks that are responsible for housing manufacturing operations in Egypt and Jordan. They are free to trade unions that are special with the aim of ensuring prosperity and stability in the Middle East economies.
Most scholars believe that companies based on IQZs only hire foreign labourers but a high percentage of Jordan women particularly have found jobs in the garment factories despite being inexperienced. Dunlop’ s model One of the key industrial labour relations theories was put up by John Dunlop in 1958 and it is argued that it has three key actors that are the workers, management and the government. According to the model, all the actors are important to each other. According to Dunlop (1958, p. 3) industrial relations system is usually perceived as an integrated aspect and a set of practices and institutions that regulate relations among the state, employers and employees with given cultural, economic and technological environments (Legge, 1991, p.
67). The change process in the Jordan industrial relations in relation to the Dunlop Model This entails the internal environment which includes the government, the employee’ s representatives, employers as well as the interrelationship between them which is the change process, the goals of the players and the external factors that impact on them (Dunlop, 1958, p. 23). According to Al-hourani (2002, p.
45), the external factors are not only mutually influential but also dynamic. The ruling ideology that is dominant impacts on Jordan political system and is responsible for designing not only the legal system but also the social structure, economic structure and the technological level among others (Legge, 1991, p. 89). All the aforementioned interrelate with one another and play a significant role in the economy of Jordan state and industrial/employment relations. Due to the fact that the key actors according to the Dunlop model are not static but rather dynamic in nature.
According to Dunlop (1958, p. 32) change in one actor has a great influence on other actors. If there is the immense influence of globalization in addition to other international factors particularly in the economic sector, the result is not only a chaotic environment but also a rapidly changing one (Al-hourani, 2002, p. 60). From the Dunlop model and in Jordan industrial relations perspective, it is evident that collective bargaining, collective agreements as well as collective agreement implementation as well as conflict resolution are not only impacted external environment components but also internal (Dunlop, 1958, p.
4). Each player’ s ideology affects the topic of negotiation in addition to the actions and tactics employed to attain their goals such as strikes and industrial actions.