Essays on Governance Challenges that Poor Countries Face - Yemen Overview Coursework

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The paper "Governance Challenges that Poor Countries Face - Yemen Overview" is a perfect example of business coursework.   Governance is defined as processes, rules, and behaviour that have an effect on the manner in which powers are exercised through accountability, sincerity, participation unity and effectiveness. Using good governance to tackle corruption is a crucial challenge facing nearly all poor countries. With no reforms capable of dismantling the administrative, political and financial structures perpetuating corruption, poor countries will remain in the cycle of bad governance and cronyism that limits their remarkable potential for social, political and economic development.

Issues associated with development as mentioned by Tungodden et al. (2004, p. 46) are inextricably related to governance problems. Unless the existing governments execute their entrusted responsibilities efficiently, the poor countries will continue being plagued by diseases, poverty, illiteracy, corruption as well as other challenges troubling the poor countries. In the last few years, policymakers, as well as scholars, have shifted their focus to governance challenges, which include topics such as electoral systems, corruption control, democratization, judicial systems, and so on. According to Milner (2005, p. 835), development can only take place if the country has set up ‘ good institutions’ , which are either politically intrinsic or have been extended politically.

Besides that, developing a strong civil society is not possible without the presence of a strong government institution, and this can only be achieved by good governance. The research essay provides critical insight about governance challenges facing Yemen, and how those challenges can be addressed. Yemen Overview Yemen is amongst the poorest countries in the world and the poorest in the Arab world facing a number of socio-economic challenges that range from unemployment and poverty, food insecurity and water scarcity to social as well as political conflict and state instability Dö ring et al.

(2013, p. 5). Evidently, most parts of Yemen are not controlled by the state and the available institutions for public service are weak, vulnerable to corruption and inefficiency, and are incapable. Politically, the stability and unity of Yemen are almost collapsing because of the enduring conflicts within the country (Diamond & Plattner, 2014, p. 287). Normally, tribal clashes lead to in eruptions of violence while the widespread clashes between the Yemeni army as well as Al Qaida on the Arab Peninsula (AQAP) in the South have rendered many people homes.

This situation has challenged the state considering that it lacks the ability to support the growing number of internally displaced persons. Because of its fragility, Yemen lack capacities for ensuring continuous development. Even though the oil in Yemen is about to run out, water is still its rarest resource. Yemen is suffering from a critical shortage of water and water allocation has become a crucial part in its socio-economic development.

Lately, Yemen came into a vital era of political transition, where the presidential power was transferred to another leader for the first time in almost thirty years. For years, the international community has continually supported Yemen in aid activities that result in development as well as stabilization, but poor governance is put the aid measures in danger. Currently, Yemen is pushing for good governance anchored on the firm conviction that the enormous challenges facing the country can be solved if the government allows public participation, and is democratic and accountable (Sharqieh, 2011).

Particularly in consideration of the enduring humanitarian crisis as well as political transition, Dö ring et al. (2013, p. 5) suggest that for Yemen to move towards development and stability it needs the international assistance urgently.

References

Al-Dawsari, N., 2012. Tribal Governance and Stability in Yemen. Working Paper. Washington DC: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

Arab Center for Research and Policy Studies, 2011. The Yemeni Revolution: replacing Ali Abdullah Saleh, or replacing obsolete institutions? [Online] Available at: HYPERLINK "http://english.dohainstitute.org/release/a81c810b-9b30-4cbc-bede-c03b5bf69eac" http://english.dohainstitute.org/release/a81c810b-9b30-4cbc-bede-c03b5bf69eac [Accessed 11 May 2015].

Boucek, C. & Ottaway, M., 2010. Yemen on the Brink. Washington, DC: Carnegie Endowment.

Dbwan, A., 2014. Fighting the Culture of Corruption in Yemen. [Online] Available at: HYPERLINK "http://blogs.worldbank.org/arabvoices/fighting-culture-corruption-yemen" http://blogs.worldbank.org/arabvoices/fighting-culture-corruption-yemen [Accessed 11 October 2015].

Diamond, L. & Plattner, M.F., 2014. Democratization and Authoritarianism in the Arab World. Baltimore, MD: JHU Press.

Döring, M., Constanze & Jebens, B.D., 2013. Promoting Good Governance in Yemen through the Yemeni-German Water Sector Program (WSP). Research Paper. Bonn, Germany: Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH.

Hill, G., Salisbury, P., Northedge, L. & Kinninmont, J., 2013. Yemen: Corruption, Capital Flight and Global Drivers of Conflict. A Chatham House Report. London: The Royal Institute of International Affairs.

Milner, H.V., 2005. Globalization, Development, and International Institutions: Normative and Positive Perspectives. Perspectives on Politics, 3(4), pp.833-54.

Rose-Ackerman, S., 2004. The Challenge of Poor Governance and Corruption. Research Paper. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press Yale University.

Salisbury, P., 2011. Yemen’s Economy: Oil, Imports and Elites. Middle East and North Africa Programme Paper. London: Chatham House.

Sharqieh, I., 2011. Only Good Governance Can Defeat Al Qaeda in Yemen. [Online] Available at: HYPERLINK "http://www.brookings.edu/research/opinions/2011/01/28-yemen-sharqieh" http://www.brookings.edu/research/opinions/2011/01/28-yemen-sharqieh [Accessed 11 October 2015].

Tungodden, B., Stern, N.H., Stern, N. & Kolstad, I., 2004. Toward Pro-poor Policies: Aid, Institutions, and Globalization. Washington Dc: World Bank Publications.

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