Risk ManagementIntroductionRisk assessment has turned into a legal obligation for workers in various areas of health and safety legislation. General risk assessment is a careful assessment of hazards within the company, working areas, or places of residence that may cause harm to the public or employees. After the identification of the hazards, there is need for evaluating the risk they pose. It is important to determine whether the precautions undertaken are enough and whether there is, need to do more towards preventing the hazard from causing ill health or injury. Hazard can be defined as something that has potential of causing harm including substances we use or store, methods of working, machineries we use, and sources of fuel and power among others.
Risk is the term that refers to the seriousness of a hazard. This includes the likelihood of a machine causing injury and the seriousness of the consequences. Risk can be viewed as likelihood that hazard will lead to harm multiplied by the harshness of the harm or injury if it was to take place. One of the major hazards that can cause a significant risk among the residents and workers is fire.
Therefore, in order to reduce the fire hazards and risks, it is crucial to come up with a fire risk assessment plan. This is towards reducing the effects of fire occurrences and risks associated with it. Stopping the occurrence of fire will save lives while making communities safer and specifically the most vulnerable groups (Denis & Chubb Company 2000). This is because fire is a major threat to sustainable part of society. Fire and Services Act 2004Fire and Services Act 2004 is one of the acts that assists in improving the services of fire and rescue services while reducing the occurrences of fire related hazards and risks.
It is an act of UK parliament, it applies to Great Britain, and it is mostly applied in Wales and England. It clearly clarifies the powers and responsibilities of fire authorities. Such duties include fighting fires, fire safety promotion, and rescue of people in cases of road accidents as well as dealing with emergencies like terrorist and flooding.
The main feature of Fire and Rescue Services Act 2004 is the new duty of promoting fire safety among the fire and rescue services. According to research, over half of fires fatalities in UK occur before FRAs intervention. Fire and Rescue Act 2004 is an act making provision about fire and rescue authorities and their roles. It has a role of making provision about training and education, to make provision of false alarms of fire, to make provision of water supply, and provide advisory bodies funding among others. According to Fire and Rescue Act 2004, fire and rescue authority is supposed to formulate provision for the purpose of fire safety promotion in an area as illustrated by Denis & Chubb Company (2000).
According to the Fire and Safety 2004, fire and rescue authority is supposed to formulate provision for promoting fire safety in its region of operations. Fire and rescue authority is supposed to formulate provision for the purpose of protecting properties and life in case of fire as well as extinguishing fire in its area. It should also make provision of the equipment, personnel, and services essential to meet competently the normal necessities.